Richard Florida wants U.S. President Barack Obama to create a national department of cities. As much as the United States needs this, Canada needs it even more. We should have a new national ministry of urban affairs, as we had in the 1970’s. Or perhaps we’re ready to call it a ministry of cities.
In the U.S., there has been a federal role in cities for decades, and they already have a Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) – something Canada doesn’t have. Mr. Florida isn’t the first to suggest the Americans need something more comprehensive (cities are more than housing and development), and he may not be the last – but as Mr. Obama’s second term starts, this may be the best chance the U.S. has to make it a reality.
The U.K. essentially has such a department, and is going further, devolving key powers from Westminster to cities. Australia has a “Major Cities Unit,” that, among other things, produces an impressive State of Cities analysis. Both realize the competitive importance of city-regions.
We’re unquestionably at the start of the first urban century, and the future of both America and Canada will be defined by its cities. Like the rest of the World, North America’s city-regions are the engines of our economies – no one can dispute that. But cities are also the source of innovation in everything from climate change, to new technologies and social progress. Whether you’re motivated by our economic success, our urban and national identity, our physical and social health, our environmental future, or all of the above and more, all depend on how well our cities perform.
Ottawa’s announcement that it will be funding cities in a larger way is a positive move and important commitment. But to ensure these investments and many other needed initiatives are focused smartly – within a better understanding of what cities truly need – there should be strong and dedicated leadership behind it, such as a federal cabinet minister who really understands cities.
Canada used to be an international leader in urban thinking and creative mechanisms at the federal level. When it came to cities, Canada thought about “where the puck was going to be” as Wayne Gretzky used to put it. But as cities have gotten more important globally, our federal thinking hasn’t just taken its eye off the puck – we’ve lost sight of what game we’re playing.
If positioned, led, and funded properly, a ministry of cities could be the place where a new national strategy on transportation, both within and between cities, could finally be born. A place where a true, long-overdue visionary approach to national urban housing could be re-built. A place where everything from smart taxes, urban mobility and infrastructure deficits, to urban sprawl, better suburbs and inner-city transformations could be better understood and debated.
I’ve been told I’m giving the federal government too much credit – could such a department really be a thought leader in our national city-building? I’ve heard fears of centralization and expansion at the very level of government that understands cities least. I share those fears.
But the truth is, the federal government already has centralized power over cities – in mechanisms that matter – and the money cities need.
The biggest reason the 1970’s version of the Ministry of Urban Affairs failed was that it slipped into issues of provincial interest. To avoid repeating this huge error, version 2.0 can’t be about centralization or the feds taking on more. It would have to be about better organization and focus of the federal role, and how Canada can help and support cities better through mechanisms within its power.
Better partnerships, communication and respect, more predictable approaches, strategic use of federal powers such as taxing and funding and policy leadership that’s about the big national picture and not stepping on the provinces’ toes. Impossible? Not for the right person.
This will be a tougher discussion here than in the U.S. because, unlike America, our cities are “weak” – both legally and financially. We don’t have the funding tools U.S. cities have, our mayors have much weaker powers, and our cities are legally “creatures of the province” with no real status in Canadian law. Perhaps the department of cities will be a place where these two big weaknesses can be discussed. Despite them, our cities have managed to build themselves in a way that is often the envy of the world. Successful, livable, increasingly green, “cities that work.” Just imagine what we could do, if our cities were well positioned.
In the U.S., Mr. Florida’s suggestion might have been framed as leftist, but here in Canada we’re smart enough to know that this isn’t about left or right – its about success or failure.
So whether or not the U.S. acts on Mr. Florida’s advice, lets have this much-needed discussion here in Canada. Lets get all federal parties and provinces talking about this, in a non-partisan way.
It’s the urban century, and our cities and city-regions face big challenges. They’re far too important to our country’s future to be under-considered by our country’s government.
Brent Toderian is a national and international urbanism consultant with TODERIAN UrbanWORKS, the former Chief Planner for Vancouver BC, and the President of the Council for Canadian Urbanism. He’s on Twitter @BrentToderian.