Transport Canada is the department responsible for safety regulations and policies for the Canadians buy, with a mandate to “protect the safety of Canadians.” Here are some examples of auto standards that differ from European standards:
Child seats: There are several significant vehicle safety requirements which are more stringent in Canada than in Europe. Canada requires that anchors for child seats protect heavier children, allowing them to continue to use child restraints for a longer period of time. This means that vehicles designed for Europe would have to be modified to meet Canadian child seat anchorage requirements if imported to Canada.
Vehicle safety: Canadian vehicles must be designed to protect the integrity of the fuel system to prevent significant fuel leakage when the vehicle is struck from the rear at 80 km/h. The European test speed is only 35 km/h. In a similar manner, Canadian vehicles must be tested in a frontal impact into a rigid barrier at 56 km/h. There is no similar test in Europe.
Defrost standards: The Canadian defrost system test is completed at a temperature of -18C or lower. While the test procedures are similar in Europe, the minimum temperature requirement is only -8C.
Daytime running lights: There are unique Canadian requirements, such as daytime running lights and vehicle theft protection, which are mandatory in Canada, but not the United States. At the same time, these and other features are required in Europe, but may not be regulated to the same level of performance, as in the case of crash standards or child restraints.
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