Ford ranked No. 1 for new-car quality among mass-market brands while recall-hit Toyota plunged in a closely watched quality survey released last week.
Toyota, grappling with a series of damaging recalls, fell below the industry average to place 21st in the influential study by J.D. Power and Associates - its lowest ranking since the survey started 24 years ago.
Ford climbed three spots to rank fifth - the highest place it has achieved in the study.
Luxury brands captured the top four spots, led by Porsche and followed by the Acura, Mercedes-Benz and Lexus nameplate.
The results underscore the progress U.S. auto makers have made on closing their long-criticized gap in quality with Asian auto makers, and also the challenges facing Toyota in the wake of recent safety woes.
HOW THE BRANDS DID
The J.D. Power Initial Quality Survey, which records difficulties faced by new-car owners in the first 90 days of ownership, was conducted between February and May this year.
Brand/Problems per 100 Vehicles
Industry Average 109
Land Rover 170
Source: J.D. Power and Associates