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Press release from PR Newswire

Ashland Inc. Reports Preliminary Q1 Results: 78 Cents EPS From Continuing Operations; Adjusted EPS of 79 Cents Excluding Key Items

Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Ashland Inc. Reports Preliminary Q1 Results: 78 Cents EPS From Continuing Operations; Adjusted EPS of 79 Cents Excluding Key Items06:00 EST Tuesday, January 25, 2011COVINGTON, Ky., Jan. 25, 2011 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Ashland Inc. (NYSE: ASH) today announced preliminary(1) results for the quarter ended Dec. 31, 2010, the first quarter of its 2011 fiscal year.(Logo: )Quarterly Highlights(in millions except per-share amounts)Quarter EndedDec. 31, 2010Quarter EndedDec. 31, 2009Operating income$                      99$                    127Key items*10-Adjusted operating income*$                    109$                    127Adjusted EBITDA*$                    175$                    201Diluted earnings per share (EPS)From net income$                   1.09$                   1.10From continuing operations$                   0.78$                   0.82Key items*0.01(0.08)      Adjusted EPS from continuing operations*$                   0.79$                   0.74Cash flows provided by operating activities   from continuing operations$                     (38)$                      55Free cash flow*(72)28* See Tables 5, 6 and 7 for definitions and U.S. GAAP reconciliations.Fiscal First-Quarter GAAP(2) ResultsFor its 2011 first quarter, Ashland reported sales of $1,433 million, operating income of $99 million, income from continuing operations of $62 million (78 cents per share) and net income of $87 million ($1.09 per share). Net income included income from discontinued operations of $25 million aftertax (31 cents per share), primarily related to the direct results of Ashland Distribution, the pending sale of which was announced in the December quarter. Cash flows used by operating activities from continuing operations amounted to $38 million.Adjusted ResultsAshland Distribution's direct results have been excluded from continuing operations; however, certain costs previously allocated to Distribution remain in continuing operating income for all periods and are classified within Ashland's selling, general and administrative expenses. On this basis and adjusting for the impact of key items in both the current and prior-year quarters, Ashland's results for the December 2010 quarter as compared with the December 2009 quarter were as follows:sales increased 8 percent to $1,433 million;adjusted operating income was $109 million versus $127 million in the prior year;adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) were $175 million versus $201 million a year ago; andadjusted EPS from continuing operations grew 7 percent to 79 cents.Key ItemsIn total, four key items had a net unfavorable EPS impact on continuing operations of 1 cent in the December 2010 quarter:a $5 million (7 cents negative EPS impact) aftertax expense for accelerated depreciation related to capacity reductions at Ashland Performance Materials;a $2 million (3 cents negative EPS impact) aftertax charge for transaction and startup costs related to the global joint venture with Sud-Chemie AG; a $3 million (4 cents positive EPS impact) aftertax gain related to the market valuation of assets contributed to the Sud-Chemie joint venture; anda $4 million (5 cents positive EPS impact) tax benefit from research-and-development tax credits signed into law on a retroactive basis.In the year-ago quarter, one key item, related to foreign tax contingencies, had a net favorable impact on earnings of 8 cents per share. Refer to Table 5 of the accompanying financial statements for details of key items in both periods.Results also included noncash intangible amortization expense of $17 million pretax in the December 2010 quarter and $18 million pretax in the 2009 December quarter. Amounts in both periods primarily reflect the addition of intangible assets from the Hercules acquisition. Performance SummaryCommenting on Ashland's first-quarter results, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer James J. O'Brien said, "Ashland generated solid results for the December quarter in the face of continued escalation in our raw material costs. Both volumes and sales increased over the year-ago quarter, providing further evidence that the overall economy is improving and that our commercial units' efforts are producing results. I'm particularly pleased that despite this being our seasonally weakest quarter, Ashland achieved higher margins sequentially, a direct result of our ongoing pricing actions."Each of our commercial units continues to implement price increases, with the largest sequential gains achieved by Ashland Consumer Markets and Ashland Aqualon Functional Ingredients. Our success in the short term is directly related to our ability to pass through necessary pricing to offset these escalating costs."Business PerformanceIn order to aid understanding of Ashland's ongoing business performance, the results of Ashland's business segments are presented on an adjusted basis and EBITDA is reconciled to operating income in Table 7 of this news release.Functional Ingredients recorded sales of $216 million in the December 2010 quarter. Excluding amounts associated with the Pinova business divested in January 2010, sales improved 13 percent and volumes grew 16 percent over the prior December quarter. Sequentially, sales and volumes were both down 10 percent, reflecting typical seasonality in several end markets. Gross profit as a percent of sales was 31.2 percent in the December 2010 quarter versus 33.7 percent in the December 2009 quarter. The decline in gross profit margin versus the prior year largely reflects raw material inflation. Ongoing pricing actions generated a $6 million increase in selling prices sequentially, leading to a 250-basis-point increase in gross profit as a percent of sales over the September 2010 quarter. Pricing actions will continue to be implemented in order to fully restore historical margins. Selling, general and administrative and research-and-development (SG&A) expenses were up 7 percent versus the prior-year quarter, but down 6 percent sequentially. In total, Functional Ingredients' EBITDA in the December 2010 quarter declined 20 percent versus the prior-year quarter, to $43 million, and was flat sequentially, despite seasonally weaker volumes. EBITDA for the December 2010 quarter equaled 19.9 percent of sales as compared with 25.7 percent in the prior December quarter and 18.0 percent in the September 2010 quarter.Ashland Hercules Water Technologies' sales were $451 million in the December 2010 quarter, up 2 percent over the year-ago quarter, but down 2 percent sequentially. Gross profit as a percent of sales of 31.6 percent was 500 basis points below the year-ago quarter, but roughly even sequentially. Raw material costs continued to rise, and since the prior December quarter, Water Technologies has recovered only about 15 percent of these cost increases. Since the end of the December quarter, Water Technologies has announced a number of significant price increases across a broad range of product lines and continues to work toward restoring margins. SG&A expenses declined 2 percent versus the prior-year quarter and were down 6 percent sequentially. In total, Water Technologies' EBITDA of $45 million was 29 percent below the prior-year quarter, but increased 13 percent sequentially. EBITDA amounted to 10.0 percent of sales in the December 2010 quarter, as compared with 14.2 percent in the prior-year quarter and 8.7 percent in the September 2010 quarter.Ashland Performance Materials achieved sales growth of 20 percent over the year-ago December quarter, to $326 million. Two recent transactions affect comparisons between periods: the April 2010 purchase of Ashland's partner's 50-percent interest in Ara Quimica and the December 2010 formation of the global joint venture with Sud-Chemie. Excluding the effects of these transactions, sales of composites and adhesives were still up 17 percent over the prior year. On this same basis, volume per day increased 9 percent over the year-ago quarter, but was down 4 percent sequentially, in line with normal seasonality. Gross profit as a percent of sales of 16.6 percent, which excludes key items, declined versus both the December 2009 and September 2010 quarters. The gross margin decrease largely reflects the effects of the Sud-Chemie joint venture, as well as higher manufacturing costs in the December 2010 quarter. For the near term, the effects of the Sud-Chemie joint venture are expected to result in an approximately 150-basis-point reduction in gross margins; however, the effect on EBITDA margins should be minor. Overall, Performance Materials' EBITDA of $26 million grew 24 percent over the prior-year quarter and was flat sequentially. EBITDA as a percent of sales was 8.0 percent, a 30-basis-point improvement over the year-ago quarter and 60 points above the September 2010 quarter.Consumer Markets' sales of $440 million increased 10 percent over the year-ago December quarter on roughly flat lubricant volume. All market channels showed strong sales growth over the prior year. Sequentially, sales were down 5 percent, while lubricant volume declined 9 percent, as price increases offset the seasonal decline in volume. Gross profit as a percent of sales fell 300 basis points versus the December 2009 quarter, but increased 200 basis points sequentially to 30.9 percent. SG&A expenses rose slightly over the year-ago quarter, but declined 9 percent sequentially, largely due to lower advertising and promotional expenses. In total, Consumer Markets' December 2010 quarter EBITDA was $74 million, 3 percent below the year-ago quarter, but 21 percent above the September 2010 quarter. The EBITDA margin was 16.8 percent for the December 2010 quarter, 220 basis points below the prior year, but a 360-basis-point improvement sequentially.Ashland announced the pending sale of Ashland Distribution during the December quarter. Accordingly, Distribution's results are now reported within the Discontinued Operations caption. The results described in this paragraph reflect the business as it has been historically reported and are provided for comparative purposes only. Ashland Distribution's sales for the December 2010 quarter increased 17 percent over the year-ago quarter, to $856 million, but were down 6 percent sequentially. Volume per day increased 3 percent over the December 2009 quarter and was down 4 percent sequentially, due to typical seasonality in a number of end markets. Gross profit as a percent of sales of 8.8 percent in the December 2010 quarter reflected a 40-basis-point decline versus the prior-year quarter and 60 basis points sequentially. In total, pro forma EBITDA for the December 2010 quarter rose nearly 70 percent over the prior-year quarter, to $22 million, but declined 27 percent sequentially. The EBITDA margin of 2.6 percent reflected an 80-basis-point increase over the year-ago quarter, but was a 70-point decline sequentially.After excluding key items, Ashland's effective tax rate for the December 2010 quarter was 26 percent. Ashland is updating its tax rate forecast for fiscal 2011 to the low 30-percent range.OutlookCommenting on Ashland's outlook, O'Brien said, "Each of our commercial units must continue to push through pricing to recover increases in raw material costs. Consumer Markets and Performance Materials have done quite well in this regard and were able to essentially offset all of the raw-material cost increases through the December quarter. Functional Ingredients also made significant headway, recovering roughly 70 percent of its cost increases since the December 2009 quarter, and we fully expect to recover the remainder. Water Technologies has lagged in its cost recovery, and we are taking more aggressive actions to restore margins."Turning to Ashland's strategy, O'Brien continued, "The expected completion of the Ashland Distribution sale at the end of March will enhance our ability to implement our plans, and we are assessing all options at our disposal to maximize value creation. Each step we have taken during the last few years has moved us toward our vision of becoming a world-class, high-performing specialty chemical company. As we move forward in 2011, we are well-positioned to invest in and grow our businesses."Conference Call WebcastToday at 9 a.m. EST, Ashland will provide a live webcast of its first-quarter conference call with securities analysts. The webcast and supporting materials will be accessible through Ashland's website at Following the live event, an archived version of the webcast and supporting materials will be available for 12 months.Use of Non-GAAP MeasuresThis news release includes certain non-GAAP measures. Such measurements are not prepared in accordance with GAAP and should not be construed as an alternative to reported results determined in accordance with GAAP. Management believes the use of such non-GAAP measures assists investors in understanding the ongoing operating performance of the company and its segments. The non-GAAP information provided may not be consistent with the methodologies used by other companies. All non-GAAP amounts have been reconciled with reported GAAP results in Tables 5, 6 and 7 of the financial statements provided below.About AshlandIn more than 100 countries, the people of Ashland Inc. (NYSE: ASH) provide the specialty chemicals, technologies and insights to help customers create new and improved products for today and sustainable solutions for tomorrow. Our chemistry is at work every day in a wide variety of markets and applications, including architectural coatings, automotive, construction, energy, personal care, pharmaceutical, tissue and towel, and water treatment. Visit to see the innovations we offer through our five commercial units ? Ashland Aqualon Functional Ingredients, Ashland Hercules Water Technologies, Ashland Performance Materials, Ashland Consumer Markets (Valvoline) and Ashland Distribution.Forward-Looking StatementsThis news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements are based upon a number of assumptions, including those mentioned within this news release. Performance estimates are also based upon internal forecasts and analyses of current and future market conditions and trends (including the ability to recover raw-material cost increases through price increases); management plans and strategies (including the expected closing of the sale of Ashland Distribution and the anticipated benefits to be realized from the sale); operating efficiencies and economic conditions; and legal proceedings and claims (including environmental and asbestos matters). Other risks and uncertainties include those that are described in filings made by Ashland with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its most recent Form 10-K, which is available on Ashland's website at or at Ashland believes its expectations are reasonable, but cannot assure they will be achieved. Forward-looking information may prove to be inaccurate, and actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated. Ashland is not obligated to subsequently update or revise the forward-looking statements made in this news release.(1) Preliminary ResultsFinancial results are preliminary until Ashland's quarterly report on Form 10-Q is filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.(2) Generally accepted accounting principles (U.S.)Ashland Inc. and Consolidated SubsidiariesTable 1STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED INCOME(In millions except per share data - preliminary and unaudited)Three months endedDecember 3120102009SALES$1,433$1,324COSTS AND EXPENSESCost of sales1,040906Selling, general and administrative expense 286284Research and development expense 20201,3461,210EQUITY AND OTHER INCOME1213OPERATING INCOME99127Net interest and other financing expense (27)(41)Net gain on acquisitions and divestitures (a) 21-INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES9386Income tax expense3122INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS6264Income from discontinued operations (net of income taxes) (b)2522NET INCOME $87$86DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE Income from continuing operations$.78$.82Income from discontinued operations.31.28Net income $1.09$1.10AVERAGE COMMON SHARES AND ASSUMED CONVERSIONS8078SALESFunctional Ingredients$216$210Water Technologies451443Performance Materials326271Consumer Markets440400$1,433$1,324OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)Functional Ingredients$19$27Water Technologies2439Performance Materials68Consumer Markets6567Unallocated and other (c)(15)(14)$99$127(a)  Includes a gain of $19 million for the three months ended December 31, 2010 related to the formation of an expanded global joint venture with Sud-Chemie AG.  The gain is primarily attributable to the fair value remeasurement of the net assets contributed to the joint venture exceeding the recorded values.   (b)  Includes income of $23 million and $12 million for the three months ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, related to direct results of the Distribution business.  Due to its expected sale, the direct results of this business have been presented as discontinued operations for each period presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.   (c)  Includes $11 million and $13 million of costs for the three months ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, previously charged to the Distribution business.  These costs include former Distribution liabilities that have been retained by Ashland such as pension, postretirement and environmental costs, as well as indirect corporate cost allocations previously charged to this business.   Ashland Inc. and Consolidated SubsidiariesTable 2CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(In millions - preliminary and unaudited)December 31September 3020102010ASSETSCurrent assetsCash and cash equivalents$374$417Accounts receivable 1,0051,115Inventories497447Deferred income taxes112112Held for sale (a)656693Other assets61492,7052,833Noncurrent assetsAuction rate securities2222Goodwill 2,0832,148Intangibles1,0891,111Asbestos insurance receivable 452459Deferred income taxes336336Held for sale (a)271270Other assets6235144,8764,860Property, plant and equipmentCost3,0033,096Accumulated depreciation and amortization(1,235)(1,258)1,7681,838Total assets$9,349$9,531LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS? EQUITYCurrent liabilitiesShort-term debt$77$71Current portion of long-term debt3945Trade and other payables640727Accrued expenses and other liabilities404523Held for sale (a)2743211,4341,687Noncurrent liabilitiesLong-term debt (noncurrent portion)1,1141,108Employee benefit obligations1,3681,372Asbestos litigation reserve (noncurrent portion)826841Deferred income taxes149145Other liabilities 5815754,0384,041Stockholders? equity3,8773,803Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$9,349$9,531(a)  Primarily relates to assets and liabilities of the Distribution business that have qualified for held for sale classification in accordance with U.S. GAAP due to its expected sale.   Ashland Inc. and Consolidated SubsidiariesTable 3STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS(In millions - preliminary and unaudited)Three months endedDecember 3120102009CASH FLOWS (USED) PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONSNet income$87$86Income from discontinued operations (net of income taxes)(25)(22)Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to  cash flows from operating activitiesDepreciation and amortization 7374Debt issuance cost amortization46Deferred income taxes426Equity income from affiliates(3)(6)Distributions from equity affiliates26Gain from sale of property and equipment(3)(2)Stock based compensation expense43Stock contributions to qualified savings plans129Net gain on acquisitions and divestitures(21)-Change in operating assets and liabilities (a)(172)(125)(38)55CASH FLOWS (USED) PROVIDED BY INVESTING ACTIVITIES FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONSAdditions to property, plant and equipment(22)(21)Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment43Purchase of operations - net of cash acquired(5)-Proceeds from sale of operations or equity investments21-Proceeds from sales and maturities of available-for-sale securities-44(2)26CASH FLOWS (USED) PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONSProceeds from issuance of long-term debt11-Repayment of long-term debt(10)(25)Proceeds from short-term debt66Cash dividends paid(12)(6)Proceeds from exercise of stock options11Excess tax benefits related to share-based payments1-(3)(24)CASH (USED) PROVIDED BY CONTINUING OPERATIONS(43)57Cash (used) provided by discontinued operationsOperating cash flows-(7)Investing cash flows(1)-Effect of currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents14INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(43)54Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of year417352CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - END OF PERIOD$374$406DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATIONFunctional Ingredients$24$27Water Technologies2124Performance Materials1813Consumer Markets99Unallocated and other11$73$74ADDITIONS TO PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENTFunctional Ingredients$9$10Water Technologies63Performance Materials32Consumer Markets33Unallocated and other13$22$21(a)  Excludes changes resulting from operations acquired or sold.   Ashland Inc. and Consolidated SubsidiariesTable 4INFORMATION BY INDUSTRY SEGMENT(In millions - preliminary and unaudited)Three months endedDecember 3120102009FUNCTIONAL INGREDIENTS (a)Sales per shipping day $3.5$3.4Metric tons sold (thousands) 38.537.4Gross profit as a percent of sales 31.2%33.7%WATER TECHNOLOGIES (a) Sales per shipping day $7.3$7.2Gross profit as a percent of sales 31.6%36.6%PERFORMANCE MATERIALS (a)Sales per shipping day $5.3$4.4Pounds sold per shipping day4.54.0Gross profit as a percent of sales14.6%18.4%CONSUMER MARKETS (a) Lubricant sales (gallons)40.440.3Premium lubricants (percent of U.S. branded volumes)30.2%28.3%Gross profit as a percent of sales30.9%33.9%DISTRIBUTION (a), (b) Sales per shipping day $13.8$11.8Pounds sold per shipping day14.714.3Gross profit as a percent of sales 8.8%9.2%(a)  Sales are defined as net sales.  Gross profit as a percent of sales is defined as sales, less cost of sales divided by sales.     (b)  For the three months ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, results for Distribution have been reported as discontinued operations.   Ashland Inc. and Consolidated SubsidiariesTable 5RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP DATA - INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS(In millions - preliminary and unaudited)Three Months Ended December 31, 2010FunctionalWaterPerformanceConsumerUnallocatedIngredientsTechnologiesMaterialsMarkets& OtherTotalOPERATING INCOME (LOSS)Castings Solutions transaction and start up costs$-$-$(2)$-$(1)$(3)Accelerated depreciation--(7)--(7)All other operating income19241565(14)109Operating income1924665(15)99NET INTEREST AND OTHER FINANCING EXPENSE(27)(27)NET GAIN ON ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURESCastings Solutions market valuation of contribution1919MAP Transaction222121INCOME TAX (EXPENSE) BENEFITResearch and development income tax credits44Castings Solutions market valuation of contribution(16)(16)Other key items33All other income tax expense(22)(22)(31)(31)INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS$19$24$6$65$(52)$62Three Months Ended December 31, 2009FunctionalWaterPerformanceConsumerUnallocatedIngredientsTechnologiesMaterialsMarkets& OtherTotalOPERATING INCOME (LOSS)All other operating income$27$39$8$67$(14)$127NET INTEREST AND OTHER FINANCING EXPENSE(41)(41)INCOME TAX (EXPENSE) BENEFITDiscrete tax matters66All other income tax expense(28)(28)(22)(22)INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS$27$39$8$67$(77)$64Ashland Inc. and Consolidated SubsidiariesTable 6RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP DATA - FREE CASH FLOW (In millions - preliminary and unaudited)Three months endedDecember 31Free cash flow     2010     2009Total cash flows provided by operating activities from continuing operations$(38)$55Less:Additions to property, plant and equipment(22)(21)Cash dividends paid(12)(6)Free cash flows$(72)$28Ashland Inc. and Consolidated SubsidiariesTable 7RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP DATA - ADJUSTED EBITDA(In millions - preliminary and unaudited)Three months endedDecember 31Adjusted EBITDA - Ashland Inc.     2010     2009Operating income$99$127Add:Depreciation and amortization (a)6674Key items (see Table 5)10-Adjusted EBITDA$175$201Adjusted EBITDA - Ashland Aqualon Functional IngredientsOperating income$19$27Add:Depreciation and amortization2427Key items (see Table 5)--Adjusted EBITDA$43$54Adjusted EBITDA - Water TechnologiesOperating income$24$39Add:Depreciation and amortization2124Key items (see Table 5)--Adjusted EBITDA$45$63Adjusted EBITDA - Performance MaterialsOperating income$6$8Add:Depreciation and amortization (a)1113Key items (see Table 5)9-Adjusted EBITDA$26$21Adjusted EBITDA - Consumer MarketsOperating income$65$67Add:Depreciation and amortization99Key items (see Table 5)--Adjusted EBITDA$74$76(a)  Depreciation and amortization for the three months ended December 31, 2010 excludes $7 million of accelerated depreciation, which is displayed as a key item within this table.      SOURCE Ashland Inc.For further information: Media Relations: Jim Vitak, +1-614-790-3715,, Investor Relations: David Neuberger, +1-859-815-4454,