Press release from PR Newswire
/C O R R E C T I O N -- Morningstar, Inc./
Wednesday, July 25, 2012
/C O R R E C T I O N -- Morningstar, Inc./16:11 EDT Wednesday, July 25, 2012In the news release "Morningstar, Inc. Reports Second-Quarter 2012 Financial Results," issued 25-Jul-2012 by Morningstar, Inc. over PR Newswire, we have been advised by the company that in the income statement, the line item "Weighted average common shares outstanding, Diluted" for the three months ended June 30, 2012, the value should be 49,856, rather than 48,856, as originally issued. The complete, corrected release follows: Morningstar, Inc. Reports Second-Quarter 2012 Financial Results CHICAGO, July 25, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Morningstar, Inc. (NASDAQ: MORN), a leading provider of independent investment research, today announced its second-quarter 2012 financial results. The company reported consolidated revenue of $166.0 million in the second quarter of 2012, a 3.1% increase from $161.0 million in the second quarter of 2011. Consolidated operating income was $41.1 million, an increase of 6.6% compared with $38.6 million in the same period a year ago. Net income was $27.9 million, or 56 cents per diluted share, compared with $26.5 million, or 52 cents per diluted share, in the second quarter of 2011. Excluding acquisitions and the effect of foreign currency translations, revenue rose 4.7%. Foreign currency translations had an unfavorable effect of $2.6 million. Revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations (organic revenue) is a non-GAAP measure; the accompanying financial tables contain a reconciliation to consolidated revenue.In the first six months of 2012, consolidated revenue was $326.7 million, an increase of 4.5% compared with $312.8 million in the same period in 2011. Consolidated operating income was $71.5 million in the first half of 2012, an increase of 1.6% compared with $70.4 million in the same period a year ago. Net income was $48.0 million, or 95 cents per diluted share, in the first half of 2012, compared with $49.0 million, or 96 cents per diluted share, in the same period in 2011.Joe Mansueto, chairman and chief executive officer of Morningstar, said, "Business was sluggish during the quarter. The investment industry continues to face challenges, and our clients remain cautious about spending. As we've previously noted, our largest Investment Management client began managing several fund-of-funds portfolios in-house in April, which reduced second-quarter revenue by about $3 million. In addition, Morningstar.com revenue was lower because of a difficult advertising sales market and declining paid Premium subscriptions. In this environment, we're taking steps to align our cost structure with revenue."Mansueto added, "On the positive side, Morningstar Direct and Morningstar Data had significant organic revenue growth. The Morningstar Investment Conference, held in June in Chicago, had record attendance and exhibitors. Six of our equity analysts were named "Best on the Street" by The Wall Street Journal. Meanwhile, through dividends and stock buybacks, we've returned $115 million to shareholders this year, while preserving our strong balance sheet."International Operations: Revenue from international operations was $48.0 million in the second quarter of 2012, a slight increase of 0.9% from the same period a year ago. Foreign currency translations reduced international revenue by $2.6 million. Excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations, international revenue rose 6.3% in the second quarter. International revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations is a non-GAAP measure; the accompanying financial tables contain a reconciliation to international revenue. Operating Income: Consolidated operating income was $41.1 million in the second quarter of 2012, a 6.6% increase from the same period in 2011. Operating expense rose $2.4 million, or 2.0%, in the second quarter of 2012. In the first six months of 2012, consolidated operating income rose 1.6% to $71.5 million compared with $70.4 million in the first half of 2011. Operating expense rose $12.8 million, or 5.3%, in the first half of 2012.The largest factor behind the operating expense increase was salary expense, which rose $3.7 million, or approximately 7%, in the second quarter of 2012. The majority of this change reflects higher salaries from regular pay raises and market adjustments made for some positions in July 2011. The rest of the increase represents incremental headcount. Lower bonus expense of $3.6 million partially offset this increase. Morningstar reviews and updates its bonus expense quarterly based primarily on its expectations for full-year operating income. Operating margin was 24.8% in the second quarter of 2012, up slightly from 24.0% in the same period in 2011. In the first six months of 2012, operating margin was 21.9%, compared with 22.5% in the first six months of 2011. Lower bonus expense had a favorable effect on margins of 2.3 percentage points in the second quarter and 1.1 percentage points in the first half of 2012. However, higher salary expense as a percentage of revenue lowered the margin by approximately 1.2 percentage points and 1.7 percentage points in the second quarter and first half, respectively.Morningstar had approximately 3,490 employees worldwide as of June 30, 2012, compared with 3,520 employees as of March 31, 2012 and 3,300 as of June 30, 2011. Headcount rose year over year because of hiring in the company's development centers in China and India as well as in the United States. During the second quarter, headcount declined slightly because the company has postponed filling some positions. Effective Tax Rate: Morningstar's effective tax rate in the second quarter of 2012 was 34.6%, compared with 32.5% in the same period in 2011. Year to date, the company's effective tax rate was 35.3% compared with 32.2% in the first half of 2011. The increases primarily reflect higher tax incentives and certain deferred income tax benefits recorded in the 2011 periods.Free Cash Flow: Morningstar generated free cash flow of $40.2 million in the second quarter of 2012, reflecting cash provided by operating activities of $49.1 million and $8.9 million of capital expenditures. Free cash flow declined by $3.2 million compared with the second quarter of 2011 as cash provided by operating activities rose $2.3 million, but capital expenditures rose $5.5 million. In the first six months of 2012, Morningstar generated free cash flow of $36.9 million, reflecting cash provided by operating activities of $54.8 million and capital expenditures of $17.9 million. Cash provided by operating activities in the first six months of 2012 decreased $6.4 million, reflecting a $5.3 million increase in bonuses paid in the first quarter of 2012, partially offset by higher net income (adjusted for non-cash items). Capital expenditures rose $9.5 million, primarily reflecting computer software and hardware for the company's U.S. operations. Free cash flow is a non-GAAP measure; the accompanying financial tables contain a reconciliation to cash provided by operating activities. Morningstar defines free cash flow as cash provided by or used for operating activities less capital expenditures.As of June 30, 2012, Morningstar had cash, cash equivalents, and investments of $389.9 million, compared with $470.2 million as of Dec. 31, 2011. In the first six months of 2012, the company used $105.4 million of cash for its share repurchase program. Of the $300 million authorized under the program, Morningstar has purchased a total of 2,660,557 shares for $153.9 million as of June 30, 2012. On July 31, 2012, the company will pay approximately $4.9 million for its regular quarterly dividend. Business Segment Performance Investment Information Segment: The largest products and services in this segment based on revenue are Morningstar® Data (formerly Licensed Data); Morningstar Direct(SM); Morningstar® Advisor Workstation(SM) (including Morningstar Office); and Morningstar.com®, including Premium Memberships and Internet advertising sales.Revenue was $134.7 million in the second quarter of 2012, a 5.2% increase from $128.1 million in the second quarter of 2011. Morningstar Direct and Morningstar Data were the major contributors to revenue growth. Licenses for Morningstar Direct rose 24.4% to 6,771, and Advisor Workstation licenses were flat. Revenue for Morningstar.com was down slightly because Premium Membership subscriptions for Morningstar.com fell 7.1% to 126,410, and Internet advertising sales were lower. Operating income was $43.0 million in the second quarter of 2012, compared with $37.1 million in the same period in 2011. Operating expense in this segment rose $0.7 million, or 0.8%, primarily because of higher salary expense, partially offset by lower bonus expense. Operating margin was 31.9% in the second quarter of 2012 versus 29.0% in the prior-year period. The margin increase reflects lower bonus expense as a percentage of revenue. Investment Management Segment: The largest products in this segment based on revenue are Investment Advisory Services (formerly Investment Consulting); Retirement Solutions, including Advice by Ibbotson® and Morningstar® Retirement Manager(SM); and Morningstar® Managed Portfolios(SM).Revenue was $31.2 million in the second quarter of 2012, a 5.1% decrease from $32.9 million in the same period in 2011. The previously announced contract loss was the primary driver of the segment revenue decline. Assets under advisement and management for Investment Advisory Services were $138.1 billion as of June 30, 2012, compared with $132.6 billion as of June 30, 2011. The company's largest client in the Investment Management segment began managing several fund-of-funds portfolios in-house in April. These portfolios represented $12.6 billion, or 9.5%, of the company's Investment Advisory Services assets under advisement and management as of June 30, 2011. This loss was partially offset by additional assets for an existing fund-of-funds program for which Morningstar now receives asset-based fees. The new fee structure began in the third quarter of 2011. Excluding assets from this program and the client loss, assets under advisement rose about 4.7% year over year, reflecting positive market performance and net inflows. Assets under management and advisement for Retirement Solutions were $41.7 billion as of June 30, 2012, versus $38.4 billion as of June 30, 2011. Assets under management and advisement for Morningstar Managed Portfolios were $3.6 billion as of June 30, 2012, compared with $3.0 billion as of June 30, 2011. Operating income was $13.5 million in the second quarter of 2012, a decrease of 27.1% compared with the second quarter of 2011. Operating expense in the segment was $17.7 million, an increase of $3.3 million, or 23.2%, reflecting higher expense for operations outside of the United States as well as higher professional fees and salary expense, partially offset by lower bonus expense. Operating margin was 43.2% in the second quarter of 2012 versus 56.2% in the prior-year period. Intangible Amortization and Corporate Depreciation Expense: Morningstar does not allocate expense for intangible amortization or corporate depreciation to its operating segments. Intangible amortization, which represents the majority of the expense in this category, was $6.0 million in the second quarter of 2012, a decrease of $0.7 million compared with the same period in 2011. Corporate depreciation expense was $2.3 million in the second quarter, an increase of $0.5 million compared with the same period in 2011.Corporate Unallocated: This category includes costs related to corporate functions, including general management, information technology used to support corporate systems, legal, finance, human resources, marketing, and corporate communications. It also includes capitalization of internal product development costs. Costs in this category were $7.1 million in the second quarter of 2012, a decrease of $1.4 million, or 17.0%. The company capitalized $2.4 million of operating expense in the quarter for software development, compared with $0.4 million in the second quarter of 2011. Higher professional fees partially offset the decrease.Investor Communication Morningstar encourages all interested parties?including securities analysts, current shareholders, potential shareholders, and others?to submit questions in writing. Investors and others may send an email to email@example.com or write to Morningstar at: Morningstar, Inc.Investor Relations22 W. Washington StreetChicago, IL 60602Morningstar will make written responses to selected inquiries available to all investors at the same time in Form 8-Ks furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission, generally on the first Friday of every month.About Morningstar, Inc.Morningstar, Inc. is a leading provider of independent investment research in North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. The company offers an extensive line of products and services for individuals, financial advisors, and institutions. Morningstar provides data on more than 385,000 investment offerings, including stocks, mutual funds, and similar vehicles, along with real-time global market data on more than 8 million equities, indexes, futures, options, commodities, and precious metals, in addition to foreign exchange and Treasury markets. Morningstar also offers investment management services through its registered investment advisor subsidiaries and has more than $186 billion in assets under advisement and management as of June 30, 2012. The company has operations in 27 countries.Caution Concerning Forward-Looking StatementsThis press release contains forward-looking statements as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on our current expectations about future events or future financial performance. Forward-looking statements by their nature address matters that are, to different degrees, uncertain, and often contain words such as "may," "could," "expect," "intend," "plan," "seek," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "potential," or "continue." These statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause the events we discussed not to occur or to differ significantly from what we expected. For us, these risks and uncertainties include, among others, general industry conditions and competition, including current global financial uncertainty; the impact of market volatility on revenue from asset-based fees; damage to our reputation resulting from claims made about possible conflicts of interest; liability for any losses that result from an actual or claimed breach of our fiduciary duties; financial services industry consolidation; liability related to the storage of personal information about our users; a prolonged outage of our database and network facilities; challenges faced by our non-U.S. operations; and the availability of free or low-cost investment information. A more complete description of these risks and uncertainties can be found in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. If any of these risks and uncertainties materialize, our actual future results may vary significantly from what we expected. We do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements as a result of new information or future events.Non-GAAP Financial MeasuresTo supplement Morningstar's consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), Morningstar uses the following measures considered as non-GAAP by the Securities and Exchange Commission: free cash flow, consolidated revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations (organic revenue), and international revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations. These non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.Morningstar presents free cash flow solely as supplemental disclosure to help investors better understand how much cash is available after Morningstar spends money to operate its business. Morningstar uses free cash flow to evaluate its business. Free cash flow should not be considered an alternative to any measure required to be reported under GAAP (such as cash provided by (used for) operating, investing, and financing activities). For more information on free cash flow, please see the reconciliation from cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow included in the accompanying financial tables. Morningstar presents consolidated revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations (organic revenue) and international revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations because the company believes these non-GAAP measures help investors better compare period-to-period results. For more information, please see the reconciliation provided in the accompanying financial tables.All dollar and percentage comparisons, which are often accompanied by words such as "increase," "decrease," "grew," "declined, "or "was similar" refer to a comparison with the same period in the previous year unless otherwise stated.©2012 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved.MORN-EContacts:Media: Margaret Kirch Cohen, 312-696-6383 or firstname.lastname@example.org Nadine Youssef, 312-696-6601 or email@example.com Investors may submit questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.Morningstar, Inc. and SubsidiariesUnaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of IncomeThree months ended June 30Six months ended June 30(in thousands, except per share amounts)20122011change20122011changeRevenue$ 165,968$ 161,0113.1%$ 326,727$ 312,7784.5%Operating expense(1):Cost of goods sold49,45245,1869.4%99,76885,85516.2%Development12,44213,681(9.1%)25,80725,6690.5%Sales and marketing27,37326,7672.3%55,69953,2494.6%General and administrative24,94626,207(4.8%)53,12456,824(6.5%)Depreciation and amortization10,61910,5630.5%20,79420,7650.1% Total operating expense124,832122,4042.0%255,192242,3625.3%Operating income 41,13638,6076.6%71,53570,4161.6%Operating margin24.8%24.0%0.8pp21.9%22.5%(0.6)ppNon-operating income (expense), net:Interest income (expense), net1,260(179)NMF2,129345517.1%Other income (expense), net(265)188NMF(475)438NMF Non-operating income, net9959NMF1,654783111.2%Income before income taxes and equity in net income of unconsolidated entities42,13138,6169.1%73,18971,1992.8%Income tax expense14,74412,72415.9%26,25523,24213.0%Equity in net income of unconsolidated entities497595(16.5%)1,0639699.7%Consolidated net income27,88426,4875.3%47,99748,926(1.9%)Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests4(2)NMF2896(70.8%)Net income attributable to Morningstar, Inc$ 27,888$ 26,4855.3%$ 48,025$ 49,022(2.0%)Net income per share attributable to Morningstar, Inc.:Basic$ 0.57$ 0.537.5%$ 0.97$ 0.98(1.0%)Diluted$ 0.56$ 0.527.7%$ 0.95$ 0.96(1.0%)Weighted average common shares outstanding:Basic49,19550,16549,56649,983Diluted49,85651,14250,29651,041Three months ended June 30Six months ended June 302012201120122011(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense of:Cost of goods sold$ 1,067$ 1,072$ 2,156$ 1,951Development4655729641,043Sales and marketing461481940903General and administrative1,7411,7183,5403,595 Total stock-based compensation expense$ 3,734$ 3,843$ 7,600$ 7,492NMF ? Not meaningful, pp ? percentage pointsMorningstar, Inc. and SubsidiariesOperating Expense as a Percentage of RevenueThree months ended June 30Six months ended June 3020122011change20122011changeRevenue100.0%100.0%-100.0%100.0%-Operating expense(1):Cost of goods sold29.8%28.1%1.7pp30.5%27.4%3.1ppDevelopment7.5%8.5%(1.0)pp7.9%8.2%(0.3)ppSales and marketing16.5%16.6%(0.1)pp17.0%17.0%-General and administrative15.0%16.3%(1.3)pp16.3%18.2%(1.9)ppDepreciation and amortization6.4%6.6%(0.2)pp6.4%6.6%(0.2)pp Total operating expense(2)75.2%76.0%(0.8)pp78.1%77.5%0.6ppOperating margin24.8%24.0%0.8pp21.9%22.5%(0.6)ppThree months ended June 30Six months ended June 3020122011change20122011change(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense of:Cost of goods sold0.6%0.7%(0.1)pp0.7%0.6%0.1ppDevelopment0.3%0.4%(0.1)pp0.3%0.3%-Sales and marketing0.3%0.3%-0.3%0.3%-General and administrative1.0%1.1%(0.1)pp1.1%1.1%- Total stock-based compensation expense(2)2.2%2.4%(0.2)pp2.3%2.4%(0.1)pp(2) Sum of percentages may not equal total because of rounding. Morningstar, Inc. and SubsidiariesUnaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash FlowsThree months ended June 30Six months ended June 30($000)2012201120122011Operating activitiesConsolidated net income$ 27,884$ 26,487$ 47,997$ 48,926Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cashflows from operating activities:Depreciation and amortization10,61910,56320,79420,765Deferred income taxes1,7521,131299454Stock-based compensation expense3,7343,8437,6007,492Equity in net income of unconsolidated entities(497)(595)(1,063)(969)Excess tax benefits from stock-option exercises and vesting of restricted stock units (1,235)(2,049)(4,548)(6,171)Other, net6272101,462(17)Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:Accounts receivable3,0453,974(4,394)617Other assets118(845)(3,640)608Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(51)(2,660)652(5,260)Accrued compensation8,24812,348(26,920)(14,528)Deferred revenue(1,832)(1,650)12,3338,197Income taxes - current(2,844)(2,555)4,5252,742Deferred rent(248)(258)468(657)Other liabilities(155)(1,134)(776)(1,043) Cash provided by operating activities49,16546,81054,78961,156Investing activitiesPurchases of investments(47,092)(131,295)(133,888)(198,647)Proceeds from maturities and sales of investments 80,97288,001161,523150,360Capital expenditures(8,928)(3,381)(17,922)(8,418)Acquisitions, net of cash acquired-569-569Purchase of cost method investments--(6,750)-Other, net(9)799-785 Cash provided by (used for) investing activities24,943(45,307)2,963(55,351)Financing activitiesProceeds from stock-option exercises, net(3,125)(269)7814,652Excess tax benefits from stock-option exercises and vesting of restricted stock units1,2352,0494,5486,171Common shares repurchased(82,406)(109)(105,439)(109)Dividends paid(4,992)(2,517)(10,004)(5,011)Other, net(3)-(20)(214) Cash provided by (used for) financing activities(89,291)(846)(110,134)5,489Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(2,666)992(556)3,553Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents(17,849)1,649(52,938)14,847Cash and cash equivalents?Beginning of period165,348193,374200,437180,176Cash and cash equivalents?End of period$ 147,499$ 195,023$ 147,499$ 195,023Reconciliation from cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure):Three months ended June 30Six months ended June 30($000)2012201120122011Cash provided by operating activities$ 49,165$ 46,810$ 54,789$ 61,156Less: Capital expenditures(8,928)(3,381)(17,922)(8,418)Free cash flow$ 40,237$ 43,429$ 36,867$ 52,738 Morningstar, Inc. and SubsidiariesUnaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance SheetsJune 30December 31($000)20122011AssetsCurrent assets:Cash and cash equivalents$ 147,499$ 200,437Investments242,379269,755Accounts receivable, net117,016113,312Deferred tax asset, net4,8985,104Income tax receivable, net7,9117,445Other22,28815,980 Total current assets541,991612,033Property, equipment, and capitalized software, net77,37668,196Investments in unconsolidated entities34,27127,642Goodwill316,963318,492Intangible assets, net127,377139,809Other assets7,8015,912Total assets$ 1,105,779$ 1,172,084Liabilities and equityCurrent liabilities:Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$ 45,858$ 41,403Accrued compensation48,38373,124Deferred revenue167,531155,494Other367612 Total current liabilities262,139270,633Accrued compensation6,4835,724Deferred tax liability, net16,18315,940Other long-term liabilities23,74922,771Total liabilities308,554315,068Total equity797,225857,016Total liabilities and equity$ 1,105,779$ 1,172,084 Morningstar, Inc. and SubsidiariesSegment InformationThree months ended June 30Six months ended June 30($000)20122011change20122011changeRevenueInvestment Information$ 134,749$ 128,1165.2%$ 261,674$ 248,5155.3%Investment Management31,21932,895(5.1%)65,05364,2631.2%Consolidated revenue$ 165,968$ 161,0113.1%$ 326,727$ 312,7784.5%Revenue?U.S.$ 117,952$ 113,4244.0%$ 232,421$ 221,6054.9%Revenue?International$ 48,016$ 47,5870.9%$ 94,306$ 91,1733.4%Revenue?U.S. (percentage of consolidated revenue)71.1%70.4%0.7pp71.1%70.9%0.2ppRevenue?International (percentage of consolidated revenue)28.9%29.6%(0.7)pp28.9%29.1%(0.2)ppOperating income (loss)(1)Investment Information$ 43,003$ 37,09715.9%$ 71,687$ 69,4043.3%Investment Management13,47318,491(27.1%)30,76435,537(13.4%)Intangible amortization and corporate depreciation expense(8,281)(8,476)(2.3%)(16,173)(16,777)(3.6%)Corporate unallocated(7,059)(8,505)(17.0%)(14,743)(17,748)(16.9%)Consolidated operating income$ 41,136$ 38,6076.6%$ 71,535$ 70,4161.6%Operating margin(1)Investment Information31.9%29.0%2.9pp27.4%27.9%(0.5)ppInvestment Management43.2%56.2%(13.0) pp47.3%55.3%(8.0)ppConsolidated operating margin24.8%24.0%0.8pp21.9%22.5%(0.6)pp(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense allocated to each segment. Morningstar, Inc. and SubsidiariesSupplemental DataAs of June 3020122011% changeOur employeesWorldwide headcount (approximate)3,4903,3005.8%Number of worldwide equity and credit analysts (approximate)150150(1)0.0%Number of worldwide fund analysts (approximate)110105(1)4.8%Our businessInvestment InformationMorningstar.com Premium Membership subscriptions (U.S.)126,410136,088(7.1%)Registered users for Morningstar.com (U.S.)7,117,7306,810,5814.5%U.S. Advisor Workstation and Morningstar Office licenses 160,145160,931(2)(0.5%)Principia subscriptions 28,59932,335(11.6%)Morningstar Direct licenses6,7715,44224.4%Investment ManagementAssets under advisement and management (approximate) Investment Advisory Services$138.1 bil$132.6 bil(1)4.1% Retirement Solutions$41.7 bil$38.4 bil8.6% Morningstar Managed Portfolios$3.6 bil$3.0 bil20.0% Ibbotson Australia$3.0 bil$3.3 bil(9.1%)(1) Revised(2) Revised to include licenses from the Annuity Intelligence businessThree months ended June 30Six months ended June 30($000)2012201120122011Effective tax rateIncome before income taxes and equity in net income of unconsolidated entities$ 42,131$ 38,616$ 73,189$ 71,199Equity in net income of unconsolidated entities4975951,063969Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests4(2)2896 Total$ 42,632$ 39,209$ 74,280$ 72,264Income tax expense$ 14,744$ 12,724$ 26,255$ 23,242Effective tax rate34.6%32.5%35.3%32.2% Morningstar, Inc. and SubsidiariesReconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures with the Nearest Comparable GAAP MeasuresReconciliation from consolidated revenue to revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations (organic revenue):Three months ended June 30Six months ended June 30($000)20122011% change20122011% changeConsolidated revenue $ 165,968$ 161,0113.1%$ 326,727$ 312,7784.5%Less: acquisitions--n/a--n/aUnfavorable impact of foreign currency translations2,564-NMF2,827-NMFRevenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations$ 168,532$ 161,0114.7%$ 329,554$ 312,7785.4%Reconciliation from international revenue to international revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations:Three months ended June 30Six months ended June 30($000)20122011% change20122011% changeInternational revenue $ 48,016$ 47,5870.9%$ 94,306$ 91,1733.4%Less: acquisitions--n/a--n/aUnfavorable impact of foreign currency translations2,564-NMF2,827-NMFInternational revenue excluding acquisitions and foreign currency translations$ 50,580$ 47,5876.3%$ 97,133$ 91,1736.5%The following table summarizes the change in operating expense:Three months ended June 30Six months ended June 30($000)20122011$ change20122011$ changeTotal operating expense$ 124,832$ 122,404$ 2,428$ 255,192$ 242,362$ 12,830Acquisitions$ -$ -Favorable impact of foreign currency translations(2,093)(2,211)All other changes in operating expense4,52115,041Total$ 2,428$ 12,830n/a - not applicable SOURCE Morningstar, Inc.