Socialist President François Hollande looked set to consolidate his grip on power with a left-wing majority in parliament after a first-round vote on Sunday, and may be able to govern without relying on hard leftists hostile to closer European integration.
Initial projections by polling agencies based on a partial vote count suggested his core Socialist bloc could win 283 to 329 seats in the 577-member National Assembly in next Sunday’s runoff, shifting the lower house to the left for the first time in a decade.
With Greens allies, the left would have 295 to 347 seats, the CSA polling institute forecast, well ahead of the mainstream conservatives with 210 to 263 seats, and more than the outright majority of 289 needed to give Hollande a free hand.
The Ipsos institute drew similar conclusions from its own projections based on a partial vote count, while TNS Sofres was the only pollster that put the Socialists and Greens just short of an absolute majority in a worst-case scenario.
The vote was another symbolic advance for the left after it took control of the Senate in 2011 and won the presidency in May for the first time since 1988.
A low turnout of less than 60 per cent, which analysts say plays against the left, could still curb what might have been a bigger triumph for Mr. Hollande as he seeks to steer France through the euro zone’s debt crisis.
“There is a winner on the left, but not a big winner. It is a relative majority and not an absolute majority. In a crisis there was a need for an absolute majority,” said analyst Stephane Rozes at the CAP political consultancy.
Mr. Hollande, who won the presidency as much due to a rejection of conservative Nicolas Sarkozy and his inability to curb raging unemployment as on his own merit, needs to be able to rule unfettered as he prepares budget adjustments in Europe’s second-biggest economy, including possible spending cuts.
He is also under pressure from Berlin to agree to hand European Union institutions more control over national budgets and move towards a fiscal union – measures that would be opposed by the Communists and the hard Left Party in parliament.
The parliamentary balance is hard to predict accurately because any candidate winning more than 12.5 per cent of registered voters can go through to the June 17 second round, meaning three candidates may face off in many constituencies.
The far-right National Front won about 13.4 percent of the popular vote, less than its leader Marine Le Pen’s 17.9 percent presidential score, and is projected to have have at most three deputies. The anti-immigration party will be present in fewer runoffs than it had hoped due to the low turnout.
In the short term, the lower house will be called on to vote on tweaks to the 2012 budget and tax increases for the rich as Hollande seeks to implement a tax-and-spend programme that aims to create jobs without imposing Greek-style austerity.
“There are already so many taxes in France. It’s hard enough to run your own business as it is and with the Socialists there will just be more taxes,” Cambodian-born Sor Chin-Run said as he voted for a conservative candidate in the eastern Doubs region.
Conservative lawmakers would probably vote against tax increases, though they could back legislation to ratify a European budget responsibility pact that the far left opposes.
Mr. Hollande can count on his strongly pro-European Green allies to back most of his legislation.
Sunday’s vote was marked by a low turnout, which had reached just 48.31 per cent at 5 p.m. (1500 GMT) after a day of drizzle, down from 49.28 per cent in the 2007 parliamentary vote.
Abstention in legislative elections have soared since France synchronized the presidential and parliamentary terms a decade ago, hitting 40 per cent in 2007. “This whole process is too long,” 76-year-old Jean-Louis Bertrandy said at a voting station in Paris.
The Senate, parliament’s upper house, has been under left-wing control since late 2011. Mr. Hollande needs at least 289 seats to enjoy a parallel majority in the lower house.
Mr. Hollande, who unseated conservative Nicolas Sarkozy on May 6, needs all the help he can get as he lobbies Berlin for a pro-growth pact to accompany a budget responsibility treaty.
In the past few days, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has made signing up for an eventual fiscal union in Europe her condition for agreeing to Mr. Hollande’s pro-growth ideas and calls by Paris, Madrid and others for a bank-sector union and the issuance of common bonds.
In one of Sunday’s most high-profile battles, Le Pen bested hard leftist Jean-Luc Melenchon in Henin-Beaumont in the northern Calais region, and a Socialist candidate may pip the Left Party leader for second place on the ballot for round two.
In another closely watched race, Mr. Hollande’s former partner Segolene Royal, who ran for president in 2007, was narrowly ahead of a maverick leftist rival in the western seaside town of La Rochelle and faces a difficult three-way runoff.