Mauritania arrested Moammar Gadhafi’s ex-spy chief, Abdullah al-Senussi, after he arrived on an overnight flight, officials said on Saturday, triggering a three-way tussle for his extradition.
Mr. al-Senussi, who for decades before the late dictator’s fall inspired fear and hatred in ordinary Libyans, is sought by the Hague-based International Criminal Court on charges of crimes against humanity during last year’s conflict.
But Libya’s new rulers insisted he would have a fair trial there, while France – confirming it played a role in his arrest – stressed his alleged role in the 1989 bombing of an airliner over Niger in which 54 French nationals died.
“Today we confirm the news of the arrest of Abdullah al-Senussi,” Libyan government spokesman Nasser al-Manee told a news conference in Tripoli.
“He was arrested this morning in Nouakchott airport and there was a young man with him. We think it is his son,” he said, confirming a Mauritanian state news agency report that Mr. al-Senussi had been arrested with a false Malian passport arriving from Casablanca, Morocco.
France, which led Western backing for the popular uprising that toppled Mr. Gadhafi, said it had co-operated with Mauritanian authorities over the arrest and that it would be sending an arrest warrant to Mauritania. A statement from President Nicolas Sarkozy’s office noted Mr. al-Senussi had been sentenced in absentia for the 1989 bombing of a UTA airliner, in which 170 people were killed. Families of the victims immediately demanded he face justice in France.
An ICC spokesman said an ICC arrest warrant for Mr. al-Senussi also remained valid and requested that it be implemented, but Libya’s National Transitional Council said Libya would insist Mr. al-Senussi face justice there.
“We insist that Senussi is extradited to Libya,” NTC spokesman Mohammed al-Harizy said. “There are demands from the ICC and France to get Senussi, but the priority is to deliver Senussi to Libya.”
While Mauritania is not a signatory to the Rome Statute governing the ICC, rights groups Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International both said Mauritania was bound by the UN Security Council to fully cooperate with the ICC.
Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa, said in a statement that the Libyan justice system in any case “remains weak and unable to conduct effective investigations into alleged crimes.”
Britain, along with France one of the key Western backers of the insurgency, also cited the need for Mauritania to co-operate with the ICC in a statement attributed to Foreign Secretary William Hague.
The Mauritanian government made no comment on the arrest beyond the report from its official news agency. The Casablanca flight normally arrives at Nouakchott’s small, single-terminal airport just before midnight but workers there questioned by Reuters said they had not been aware of anything unusual.
A military source said Mr. al-Senussi had been taken to one of the residences in the grounds of Nouakchott’s international conference centre which are used to house visiting officials, but it was not immediately possible to verify that information.
Mr. al-Senussi is suspected of a key role in the killing of more than 1,200 inmates at Tripoli’s Abu Salim prison in 1996. It was the arrest of a lawyer for victims’ relatives that sparked Libya’s Arab Spring revolt in February last year.
The ICC has charged Mr. al-Senussi and Gaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam as being “indirect co-perpetrators” of murder and persecution.
But Guillaume Denoix de Saint Marc, president of the families association for the UTA bombing, said they were counting on France to ensure Mr. al-Senussi faced justice for the attack.
“We never lost hope that those responsible for this attack, the most deadly that has hit France, would face justice,” he said in a statement.
Mr. al-Senussi’s arrest provoked equally fierce emotion on the streets of Tripoli.
“Senussi is Gaddafi’s black box; he has a lot of information,” Tripoli resident Mustafa Jhyma said. “He has blood on his hands, he should be brought here and tried in Libya.”
“This is a big moment for Libyans. I wish that he had been arrested here,” another resident Abdullah al-Mory said.
Saif al-Islam was captured disguised as a Bedouin in the Sahara in November and is awaiting trial in Libya on rape and murder charges. Libya’s National Transitional Council says he will get a fair hearing, but his supporters want him sent to The Hague.
Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, an army general who toppled his predecessor in a 2008 coup, won election in a 2009 vote decried by rivals as rigged.
Yet France has hailed him as a “key partner” and he went on to play a leading role in the awkward African diplomacy over Libya that finally led to the continent recognizing the National Transitional Council as the country’s new leaders.