South Sudan’s government and rebels finally began talks to end weeks of bloodletting on Friday after days of delay as the United States ordered out more of its embassy staff.
However, there was no face-to-face meeting, and fighting was reported near the key town of Bor, suggesting that a halt to fighting between President Salva Kiir’s SPLA government forces and rebels loyal to former vice president Riek Machar is still a long way off.
Neighboring countries fear that the fighting, which quickly spread out from the capital Juba last month along ethnic faultlines, could destabilize East Africa, and the regional IGAD grouping is mediating the peace talks in Ethiopia.
The talks had been scheduled to begin in Addis Ababa on January 1, and finally made a slow start on Friday.
“Both delegations are meeting the mediators separately,” said Dina Mufti, a spokesman for Ethiopia’s Foreign Ministry. “We hope to bring both sides into face-to-face talks soon.”
Meanwhile the SPLA said its troops were fighting rebels 24 km south of rebel-controlled Bor, the capital of the vast Jonglei state and site of an ethnic massacre in 1991.
Bor lies 190 km to the north of Juba and has changed hands three times since the unrest began.
“The rebels will be flushed out of Bor any time,” SPLA spokesman Philip Aguer said.
But rebel spokesman Moses Ruai Lat, based in the northern state of Unity, said it was the government forces who were on the back foot and that his advancing comrades were already “close” to Juba.
More than a thousand people have been killed and 200,000 driven from their homes in three weeks of fighting that has raised the specter of a civil war pitting Kiir’s ethnic Dinkas against Machar’s Nuer.
The United States has been withdrawing non-essential embassy staff since mid-December and said on Friday that it was evacuating more.
It also urged all American citizens to leave South Sudan – a country the size of France estimated to hold the third largest oil reserves in sub-Saharan Africa, but desperately poor and short of infrastructure.
“We are not suspending our operations. We are just minimizing our presence,” said Susan Page, the U.S. ambassador.
An emergency message to U.S. citizens on the embassy’s website said the move was due to a “deteriorating security situation.” It said there would be an evacuation flight on Friday arranged by the U.S. State Department.
Kiir has accused his long-term political rival Machar, whom he sacked in July, of starting the fighting in a bid to seize power. Machar denies the claim.
Mediators say Kiir’s government and the rebels loyal to Machar have agreed in principle to a ceasefire, but there is no agreement on a starting date and some diplomats say both sides still seem more intent on maneuverings for military advantage.
The United Nations said it was planning for the number of displaced people to double in the next three months.