On Monday, the United Nations and global humanitarian agencies launched a record appeal for millions of Syrians affected by the civil war, food and medicine shortages, and displacement. Here is a look at the Syrian conflict and the aid effort in 2014.
$13-billion: The total amount that the UN and its partners want to raise to help 52 million people in 17 countries that include South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, Congo and the typhoon-affected Philippines.
$6.5-billion: The amount aimed at Syria alone. “This is the largest amount we have ever had to request at the start of the year,” UN humanitarian chief Valerie Amos said. Just six months ago, the UN set its target for Syria at $4.4-billion. It was able to raise only 60 per cent of that target.
35 per cent: The percentage of the $6.5-billion target that will go to the 9.3 million people inside Syria, many of them internally displaced. The rest will go to Syrian refugees. The aid will be used for shelter, food, medicine, clean water, schools and polio vaccinations.
33 months: The length of the Syrian conflict that began in March, 2011, as part of the Arab Spring uprisings
23 million: The total population of Syria.
75 per cent: The percentage of the Syrian population that the UN and its partner agencies expect to help in 2014.
10 per cent: The percentage, or 2.3 million people, that have fled to neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. That number is expected to climb to 4.1 million refugees next year.
500 per cent: The percentage by which the price of bread has increased since the start of the conflict, according to the International Rescue Committee.
250,000: The number of people living in towns and cities under siege, mainly by forces supporting President Bashar al-Assad, and cut off from food and medicine.
100,000: The UN estimate of the number of people killed in Syria.
76: The number of people, including 28 children, killed by “barrel bombs” in the city of Aleppo, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Barrel bombs are oil-filled, explosive-rigged canisters pushed out of helicopters and have little precision.
Jan. 22, 2014: The date of the next peace conference, called Geneva II, in which the United States and Russia are hoping to bring the pro-Assad and rebel forces to the table. The need for a settlement is very pressing. “We’re facing a terrifying situation here where, by the end of 2014, substantially more of the population of Syria could be displaced or in need of humanitarian help than not,” said António Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. “This goes beyond anything we have seen in many, many years, and makes the need for a political solution all the greater.”