The International Monetary Fund has relaxed its debt-cutting target for Greece and only a €10-billion ($13-billion) gap remains to be filled for a vital aid tranche to be paid, Greece’s finance minister said on Friday.
But other sources involved in the talks cautioned that the funding gap was far bigger than that suggested by Greece and that the two sides were not on the verge of striking a deal to resolve the euro zone’s most intractable problem.
Greece’s finance minister signalled that a compromise was near by saying the International Monetary Fund had agreed to deem the country’s debt viable if it falls to 124 per cent of GDP in 2020, giving ground on its earlier target of 120 per cent.
The euro group has already agreed on measures to reduce Greek debt to 130 per cent of GDP in 2020, Yannis Stournaras said.
“That leaves a gap of 5-6 percentage points of GDP to be covered – about €10-billion,” he told reporters in Brussels.
The EU and IMF are considering bringing the debt down through a combination of interest rate cuts and extension of maturities on the country’s loans, a debt buyback and having the ECB forego profits on its Greek bond holdings, a Greek finance ministry official told Reuters.
Teetering on the verge of bankruptcy, Greece is increasingly frustrated that its lenders are still squabbling over a deal to unlock fresh aid despite the country pushing through unpopular austerity cuts that brought thousands on to the streets.
Athens says time is running out and that it needs its next tranches of almost €44-billion in aid to recapitalize banks and stabilize its recession-hit economy. Its next big debt repayment falls due in mid-December.
It expects the aid to be paid out in one instalment, Greece’s government spokesman told Greek radio, playing down recent speculation that it could be dribbled out in bits.
The euro hit a three-week high against the dollar on growing optimism that Greece’s lenders were close to an agreement.
Euro zone finance ministers, the IMF and European Central Bank failed earlier this week to agree how to get the country’s debt down to a sustainable level and will have a third go at resolving the issue on Monday.
A senior source involved in the negotiations confirmed that the IMF would now accept 124 per cent as a target but was dismissive of the gap amounting to only €10-billion.
“There are still things missing to an agreement,” the source said. “The 10 billion is too optimistic.”
A Greek finance ministry official said the ECB could relinquish €9-billion of profits on the Greek bonds it holds, as part of the measures to bring debt in 2020 down from a previous estimate of 144 per cent of GDP.
Other options include saving €8-billion from cutting the interest rate, extending maturities on Greek debt and spending €10-billion to buy back around €30-billion of debt.
Greece has already begun preparations for the debt buyback, which could be completed by the end of the year if euro zone finance ministers approve the move, the official said.
According to current government projections, Greek debt is seen at €340.6-billion, or 175.6 per cent of GDP at the end of 2012. It is expected to peak at €357.7-billion, almost 191 per cent, in 2015.
According to a document circulated at the Eurogroup meeting, Greece’s debt cannot be cut to 120 per cent of GDP by 2020 unless euro zone member states write off a portion of their loans to Greece, which Germany has said would be illegal.
The document prepared for the meeting of euro zone finance ministers and seen by Reuters spelled out several options now cited by Greek officials – including using about €10-billion to buy back bonds at between 30 and 35 cents in the €.
Many Greek retail bondholders are still angry from a debt restructuring earlier this year that imposed heavy losses on private holders of Greek debt.
About 40 retail bondholders pushed past security at the co-ruling conservative New Democracy party’s offices in Athens on Friday, defaced a portrait of party founder Constantinos Karamanlis and scuffled with guards.