Ford Motor Co. enjoyed one of the best years in its history in 2013, but the celebration won’t last long.
The Dearborn-based auto maker posted a pretax profit of $8.56-billion (U.S.) – the second-highest in the past decade – and worldwide sales were up 12 per cent to 6.3 million cars and trucks. That was a faster pace than Toyota, the industry leader, whose sales rose 2 per cent to 9.98 million.
But Ford has already warned of leaner results this year as it launches a record 23 vehicles and builds seven plants around the world. It’s anticipating 13 weeks of expensive down time – up from five in 2013 – at its two U.S. pickup truck plants to prepare for the launch of a new aluminum-clad F-150. And instability in South America and price competition in the U.S. are constant threats.
Ford expects pretax profit of between $7-billion and $8-billion, and says its operating margin and cash flow will also fall because of the vehicle-introduction costs. Chief financial officer Bob Shanks said capital expenditures will total $7.5-billion this year and in the next two to three years, up from $6.6-billion in 2013 and more than twice what it spent four years ago.
Ford’s fourth-quarter net income totalled $3-billion, or 74 cents per share. Excluding a big tax gain, net income was 31 cents per share, 4 cents better than analyst estimates, according to FactSet.
Investors initially reacted favourably to the news. Ford’s stock rose 2 per cent in morning trading, but was flat at $15.71 by late afternoon and closed with a slight gain at $15.72.
Buckingham Research analyst Joseph Amaturo urged investors to sell Ford stock and set a $12 one-year price target. He noted that Ford’s fourth-quarter pretax earnings fell 24 per cent even though the company reported a 3.5 per cent revenue increase. He also estimated that the downtime at Ford’s truck plants this year could cut North American pretax profits by $800-million.
But others told investors to stick it out.
“We think Ford will reap benefits from the truck transition and growth in Asia Pacific in 2015,” said Standard and Poor’s Capital IQ analyst Efraim Levy, who has a “buy” rating on the stock.
Here are Ford’s results by region:
North America: Ford posted a record pretax profit of $8.8-billion in North America, thanks to big demand for pickup trucks as the economy improved. Ford sales in the U.S. rose 11.7 per cent, the only auto maker with a double-digit gain. Profit-sharing payments to Ford’s 47,000 U.S. hourly workers will be about $8,800, a record.
Asia Pacific and Africa: Ford earned a record $415-million in Asia and Africa last year. Its sales jumped 49 per cent to more than 935,000 in China, where it introduced new vehicles like the EcoSport and Kuga SUVs.
Europe: Ford narrowed its losses in Europe to $1.6-billion. Sales and revenue were up slightly in the struggling region, but the company incurred $856-million in charges for two plant closures.
South America: Ford swung to a $34-million loss as it halted production in Brazil to prepare for new products and slowed production in Venezuela because of a shortage of hard currency.
“In Argentina and Venezuela there are escalating risks as both the economies are weak with unclear economic policy direction,” Ford CEO Alan Mulally told analysts and media during a conference call.