Manchester United Ltd., which raised $233.2-million on Thursday night, is the largest initial public offering on record for a sports team or club. Here’s a look at some of the biggest deals in the sector and how they stack up:
Hulk Hogan fires up the crowd between matches during WrestleMania 21 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles on Sunday, April 3, 2005. The World Wrestling Federation raised $190.4-million in its October 1999 IPO. The U.S.-based company, which focuses on professional wrestling, is now known as World Wrestling Entertainment Inc.
(CHRIS CARLSON/The Associated Press)
Juventus' David Trezeguet celebrates after scoring against Empoli during their Italian Serie A soccer match at Carlo Castellani stadium in Empoli Sept. 11, 2005. Juventus Football Club SpA raised $128.6-million in December 2001. The 115-year-old Italian soccer club is one of the country’s most successful.
Borussia Dortmund's Neven Subotic and Lucas Barrios (R) celebrate the German Championship after their German first division Bundesliga soccer match against Borussia Moenchengladbach in Dortmund April 21, 2012. Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. raised $124.7-million in October 2000. The German soccer team is valued at $184.3-million.
Olympique Lyonnais goalkeeper Hugo Lloris watches the ball go in the goal during a friendly soccer match against Montreal Impact in Montreal, July 24, 2012. Olympique Lyonnais Groupe SA raised $115.4-million in February 2007. The French soccer team is one of the most popular clubs in the country.
Manchester City's Yaya Toure (R) scores his second goal as Newcastle United's Jonas Gutierrez tries to block his shot during their English Premier League soccer match in Newcastle, north east England May 6, 2012. Newcastle United PLC raised $86.6-million in March 1997. The English soccer club is no longer publicly traded.
Williams F1 Formula One driver Bruno Senna of Brazil drives during the third practice session of the Hungarian F1 Grand Prix at the Hungaroring circuit near Budapest July 28, 2012. Williams Grand Prix Holdings PLC, the British company that designs and manufactures Formula One cars, raised $83.5-million in March 2011.
Lazio's Dejan Stankovic of Yugoslavia, center, battles Bologna's Renato Olive, right, as Lazio's Giuliano Giannichedda, left, looks on during an Italian First Division Soccer League match at Rome's Olympic Stadium, Sunday, Dec. 22, 2002. SS Lazio SpA raised $66.6-million in April 1998. The Italian soccer club, known as Lazio, plays in Rome.
(MASSIMO SAMBUCETTI/The Associated Press)
AS Roma's Daniele De Rossi leaves the field after their Italian Serie A soccer match against Sampdoria was suspended due to heavy rain on Oct. 29, 2008. AS Roma SpA raised $63.9-million in May 2000. Roma plays its home games at Stadio Olimpico, the same venue as Lazio.
Ajax soccer player Urby Emanuelson, left and Luis Figo of Inter Milan battle for the ball during their first knockout round first leg Champions League soccer match, Wednesday Feb. 22, 2006. AFC Ajax NV raised $62.2-million in May 1998. Ajax soccer club is based in Amsterdam.
(BAS CZERWINSKI/The Associated Press)