If you are running a business, you probably understand the operations behind it. A bakery owner knows how to craft a decent cupcake, and a plumber knows the cause and cure for a leaky faucet. But for many business owners, financial management is less intuitive - and seemingly less urgent - than these day to day activities that bring in the much-needed revenue.
This is when you should call in reinforcements: your accountant. Most accountants would love to take on the role of your trusted business adviser. The problem is, though, that many business owners do not take full advantage of this professional associate, perhaps because of disinterest in the financial analysis conversation or time constraints.
Based on our interaction with thousands of CPAs over the past decade, Sageworks Inc. recommends the following techniques to help you make the most of the time you spend with your CPA and receive more than tax returns:
1. Be selective and choose the right accountant from the start. If they are to be a trusted business adviser for your company, then you should interview them like you would - perhaps more than you would - a typical job candidate. Before engaging their services, ask questions about expertise and also about their communication style to be sure it corresponds to your operations. You should also agree in advance who the accountant will report to whether or not that will also include board presentations.
2. Meet with them often enough that they know your business, its complexities and your struggles. If you only meet with your accountant at year end, they may not remember the details of your conversation and the details of your business. Frequency of your meetings should depend on which services you have your accountant perform, but a good starting point is to meet with them once per quarter. The meeting doesn't have to take all day. Call them now to get in the calendars for an hour or two. These quarterly check-ups may save you time in the long run, if it helps you stay on top of financial organization prior to year end.
3. Prepare some questions in advance. You don't necessarily have to study each line item of your general ledger ahead of time, but prior to your meeting think of questions you can ask regarding inventory levels, investments you are considering, financing sources, the health of your business compared to peer companies, etc.
4. Submit questions in advance. Make sure your accountant receives your queries ahead of time so they have ample to consider your numbers prior to making a firm recommendation.
5. Take with you the necessary documentation, especially if this is your first meeting. You should confirm with the accounting firm which documents are pertinent to your visit, but most likely it will include the past two years' tax returns and financial statements.
6. Draw on their operational wisdom. Unless your accountant is new to the field, he or she likely has insight into the 100+ businesses they have worked with over time. Their experience has shown them over time what works and what doesn't work as well in general business.
7. Ask them to assess your business's internal controls. Being close to the action is typically good because you are better prepared to make an informed decision. But it is possible to be too close especially for internal control development. Processes or checks that make sense to you may be the function of habit rather than best practice, so ask your account to evaluate your current controls and their outcomes.
8. Request some technological consultation. Most likely you are using an electronic general ledger package, but you may not be using it effectively. Encourage your accountant set up your bookkeeping system or make recommendations on how you can enhance its efficiency.
9. Ask your accountant for tips on information organization. If it would help them for you to organize your paperwork or financial files differently, then you may be able to negotiate a fee decrease since they will spend less time sorting and organizing your data.
10. Seek referrals. If you are in the market for a particular non-accounting service, see if your accountant has a contact from their professional network that they would recommend. Because of the tangential industries, most accounting firms have working relationships with local law firms, financial institutions, as well as all the industries in which they have clients.
Sageworks Inc. is a provider of private company financial data in the U.S. and Canada