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Oscar-winning director Mike Nichols, at a premiere for his 2004 movie Closer, didn’t agree with the separation of comedy and drama: ‘There are more laughs in Hamlet than many Broadway comedies.’FRED PROUSER/Reuters

Mike Nichols, the director of matchless versatility who brought fierce wit, caustic social commentary and wicked absurdity to such films, TV and stage hits as The Graduate, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf, Angels in America and Monty Python's Spamalot, has died. He was 83.

The death was confirmed by ABC News president James Goldston on Thursday. Mr. Nichols died Wednesday evening.

The family will hold a private service this week; a memorial will be held at a later date, Mr. Goldston said.

During a career spanning more than 50 years, Mr. Nichols, who was married to ABC's Diane Sawyer, managed to be both an insider and outsider, an occasional White House guest and friend to countless celebrities who was as likely to satirize the elite as he was to mingle with them. A former stand-up performer who began his career in a groundbreaking comedy duo with Elaine May and whose work brought him an Academy Award, a Grammy and multiple Tony and Emmy honours, Mr. Nichols had a remarkable gift for mixing edgy humour and dusky drama.

"No one was more passionate than Mike," Mr. Goldston wrote in an e-mail announcing Mr. Nichols's death.

His 1966 film directing debut Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? unforgettably captured the vicious yet sparkling and sly dialogue of Edward Albee's play, as a couple (Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor) torment each other over deep-seated guilt and resentment.

Angels in America, the 2003 TV miniseries adapted from the stage sensation, blended rich pathos and whimsy in its portrait of people coping with AIDS and looking to the heavens for compassion they found lacking in Ronald Reagan's 1980s America.

Similarly, Mr. Nichols's 2001 TV adaptation of the play Wit packed biting levity within the stark story of a college professor dying of ovarian cancer.

Mr. Nichols, who won directing Emmys for both Angels in America and Wit, said he liked stories about the real lives of real people and that humour inevitably pervades even the bleakest of such tales.

"I have never understood people dividing things into dramas and comedies," Mr. Nichols said in a 2004 interview with the Associated Press. "There are more laughs in Hamlet than many Broadway comedies."

He was a wealthy, educated man who often mocked those just like him, never more memorably than in The Graduate, which shot Dustin Hoffman to fame in the 1967 story of an earnest young man rebelling against his elders' expectations. Mr. Nichols himself would say that he identified with Mr. Hoffman's awkward, perpetually flustered Benjamin Braddock.

Mixing farce and Oedipal drama, Mr. Nichols managed to capture a generation's discontent without ever mentioning Vietnam, civil rights or any other issues of the time. But young people laughed hard when a family friend advised Benjamin that the road to success was paved with "plastics."

At the time, Mr. Nichols was "just trying to make a nice little movie," he recalled in 2005 at a retrospective screening of The Graduate. "It wasn't until when I saw it all put together that I realized this was something remarkable."

Mr. Nichols won the best-director Oscar for The Graduate, which co-starred Anne Bancroft as an aging temptress pursuing Mr. Hoffman, whose character responds with the celebrated line, "Mrs. Robinson, you're trying to seduce me."

Divorced three times, Mr. Nichols married TV journalist Diane Sawyer in 1988. He had a daughter, Daisy, with his second wife, Margo Callas, as well as a son, Max, and a daughter, Jenny, from his marriage to Annabel Davis-Goff.

He admitted in 2013 that many of his film and stage projects explored a familiar, naughty theme.

"I keep coming back to it, over and over – adultery and cheating," he says. "It's the most interesting problem in the theatre. How else do you get Oedipus? That's the first cheating in the theatre."

Not just actors, but great actors, clamoured to work with Mr. Nichols, who studied acting with Lee Strasberg and had an empathy that helped bring out the best from the talent he put in front of the camera.

Mr. Nichols often collaborated with Jack Nicholson, Meryl Streep and Emma Thompson. Other stars who worked with Mr. Nichols included Al Pacino (Angels in America), Gene Hackman and Robin Williams (The Birdcage), Harrison Ford, Melanie Griffith and Sigourney Weaver (Working Girl) and Julia Roberts (Closer).

Just as he moved easily between stage, screen and television, Mr. Nichols fearlessly switched from genre to genre. Onstage, he tackled comedy (The Odd Couple), classics (Uncle Vanya) and musicals (The Apple Tree, Spamalot, the latter winning him his sixth Tony for directing). On Broadway, he won a total of nine Tonys.

Though known for films with a comic edge, Mr. Nichols branched into thrillers with Day of the Dolphin, horror with Wolf and real-life drama with Silkwood. Along with directing for television, he was an executive producer for the 1970s TV series Family.

Mr. Nichols's golden touch failed him on occasion with such duds as the anti-war satire Catch-22, with Alan Arkin in an adaptation of Joseph Heller's bestseller, and What Planet Are You From?, an unusually tame comedy for Mr. Nichols that starred Garry Shandling and Annette Bening.

Born Michael Igor Peschkowsky on Nov. 6, 1931, in Berlin, Mr. Nichols fled Nazi Germany for United States at the age of 7 with his family. He recalled to AP in 1996 that at the time, he could say only two things in English: "I don't speak English" and "Please don't kiss me."

He said he fell in love with the power of the stage at the age of 15, when the mother of his then-girlfriend gave them theatre tickets for A Streetcar Named Desire starring Marlon Brando in 1947.

"We were poleaxed, stunned. We didn't speak to each other. We just sat like two half-unconscious people. It was so shocking. It was so alive. It was so real," he said. "I'm amazed about our bladders because we never went to the bathroom and it was about 31/2 or four hours long."

Mr. Nichols attended the University of Chicago but left to study acting in New York. He returned to Chicago, where he began working with Ms. May in the Compass Players, a comedy troupe that later became the Second City.

Ms. May and Mr. Nichols developed their great improvisational rapport into a saucy, sophisticated stage show that took on sex, marriage, family and other subjects in a frank manner that titillated and startled audiences of the late 1950s and early 60s.

"People always thought we were making fun of other people when we were in fact making fun of ourselves," Mr. Nichols told the AP in 1997. "We did teenagers in the back seat of the car and people committing adultery. Of course, you're making fun of yourself. You're making jokes about yourself. Who can you better observe?"

Their Broadway show, An Evening With Mike Nichols and Elaine May, earned them a Grammy for best comedy recording in 1961.

The two split up soon after, though they reunited in the 1990s, with Ms. May writing screenplays for Mr. Nichols's Primary Colors and The Birdcage, adapted from the French farce La Cage aux Folles.

After the break with Ms. May, Mr. Nichols found his true calling as a director, his early stage work highlighted by Barefoot in the Park, The Odd Couple, Plaza Suite and The Prisoner of Second Avenue, each of which earned him Tonys.

Other honours included Oscar nominations for directing Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Silkwood and Working Girl, a best-picture nomination for producing The Remains of the Day, and a lifetime-achievement award from the Directors Guild of America in 2004.

When he directed Mr. Burton and Ms. Taylor in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? they were the biggest stars in the world.

"A director's chief virtue should be to persuade you through a role; Mike's the only one I know who can do it," Mr. Burton said after filming was finished, a remarkable compliment from a renowned actor for a fledgling director. "He conspires with you to get your best. He'd make me throw away a line where I'd have hit it hard. I've seen the film with an audience and he's right every time. I didn't think I could learn anything about comedy – I'd done all of Shakespeare's. But from him I learned."

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