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A large screen displays and identifies jaywalkers, identified using facial recognition technology, at an intersection in Xiangyang, China, on June 6, 2018.

GILLES SABRIE/The New York Times News Service

China has revamped a national leadership group charged with planning and studying its key technological development strategies, signalling potential policy shifts are under way as its technological ambitions fuel a backlash abroad.

The group, formerly called the National Technology and Education Leadership Group under the state cabinet, has been renamed without the mention of education to reflect a focus on technology, according to a circular published on the government’s website on Wednesday.

The circular said the change was due to “relevant arrangements” as required by work, without elaborating. Premier Li Keqiang, who had chaired the original group since 2013, will lead the renamed body with Vice-Premier Liu He as deputy.

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More assistance for China’s tech sector would mark the latest in a series of growth-boosting measures being rolled out by Beijing as an escalating trade war with the United States puts more pressure on China’s already slowing economy.

Shares of China’s leading tech firms rallied on Thursday, with investors expecting a policy boost for their sector. An index tracking major IT firms rose more than 4 per cent, while an index tracking major telecoms gained nearly 4 per cent. China’s tech-heavy startup board ChiNextP was up 3.4 per cent.

Under a state-backed industrial policy known as Made in China 2025, China wants to catch up with rivals in sectors including robotics, aerospace, clean-energy cars and advanced basic materials.

The strategy, unveiled by China’s State Council in 2015, is at the core of China’s efforts to move up the value chain and achieve President Xi Jinping’s vision of turning the country into a global superpower by 2050.

However, foreign business groups have criticized the program as large-scale import substitution.

Under the plan, Beijing wants Chinese suppliers to capture 70 per cent of market share by 2025 for “basic core components and important basic materials” in strategic industries.

Other members of the revamped leadership group include top officials from more than a dozen ministries and key central government bodies, including central bank head Yi Gang and State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission director Xiao Yaqing.

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It was unclear how the member composition was different because the state cabinet did not publish the notice announcing the former group’s members on its official website (www.gov.cn).

The State Council Information Office did not answer repeated phone calls seeking comment.

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