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CN Rail President and CEO Jean-Jacques Ruest speaks during a business luncheon in Montreal on April 25, 2019.Graham Hughes/The Canadian Press

The head of Canadian National Railway Co. says major asset purchases will play a key role in fulfilling its new three-year financial target that exceeds its earlier 10-per-cent earnings-per-share growth.

At Tuesday’s investor day in Toronto, Jean-Jacques Ruest stressed “an offensive play, mergers and acquisitions,” after years of focusing on organic growth.

“We want to re-enter that … we want some sort of inorganic growth,” the chief executive of 11 months told shareholders.

In March, CN Rail closed its purchase of the Winnipeg-based TransX trucking and transport company.

In May, the company’s joint bid for the largest container terminal in Eastern Canada hit a snag after Singapore-based port operator PSA International Pte Ltd. snapped up the Halterm terminal at the Port of Halifax, rattling Mr. Ruest’s plans to create “a Prince Rupert of the east” and pick up more non-rail assets.

Last month, however, the Québec Port Authority announced it had inked a deal with Hong Kong port giant Hutchison Ports and CN Rail to build and run the new container terminal at Quebec City.

“The Rupert of the East may not happen by itself … the reality is, if nobody builds the Rupert of the East, we need to find some way to … make that happen,” Mr. Ruest said Tuesday, stressing joint ventures.

He noted CN’s “underutilized network” between Toronto and Halifax, which has seen much slower growth in revenue ton miles (RTM), a key industry metric.

“Manufacturing in the east is not growing any more. What’s growing is people. People consume … and that’s intermodal,” he said, referring to container traffic.

Mr. Ruest also stressed technology, such as an “automated inspection portal,” as a path to efficiency. The machine, which melds high-resolution imaging with artificial intelligence, can assess 120 cars for defects in the amount of time it takes a mechanic to evaluate one, the company said.

Cutting-edge technologies will save CN between $200-million and $400-million from 2020 to 2022, it said.

“It’s not the precision-scheduled railroading of your father, but the precision-scheduled railroading of your son,” Mr. Ruest said.

Last month, CN Rail promoted its chief technology officer, Michael Foster, 52, to executive vice-president, a first for the 101-year-old company.

The Montreal-based railway’s bumped-up profit forecast for 2020 to 2022 exceeds its prior target of 10-per-cent annual growth, while it reiterated its 2019 goal of low double-digit growth.

Analyst Walter Spracklin of RBC Dominion Securities said the prediction of lower volume growth reflects weaker-than-expected RTM.

A trade dispute with China over canola, fewer frac-sand carloads owing to wet weather and traffic diversions owing to the threat of a strike at the Port of Vancouver all hurt volumes, Mr. Spracklin said.

He said the forecast, made amid CN’s investor gathering this week, looked three years down the line rather than five years, suggesting the targets are a continuation of those rolled out at the company’s most recent investor day in 2017.