Developing countries have walked out of a global conference on conserving the world’s biodiversity over concerns that talks about how those efforts should be funded are lagging behind those on how much land and water should be set aside.
“We feel that negotiations have not been moving at the same pace,” said a delegate from one of the countries that left the COP15 talks in Montreal at about 1 a.m. Wednesday.
“We feel that resource mobilization has been left behind.”
The delegate, who asked not to be named, said rich countries have been happy to talk about specific targets for conservation. The marquee goal of the conference is a deal on setting aside 30 per cent of the globe’s land and water.
But he said those countries have not been so willing to come up with a number on how much they’re willing to pay.
“Why are we discussing figures on targets in every other part of the text?” the delegate asked.
The walkout countries include the 54 members of the African group, seven South and Latin American countries as well as other large countries including India and Indonesia.
“When COP15 agrees on an ambitious [global biodiversity framework], we will bear a higher burden than others in implementing it,” the countries said in a statement.
“That is why we emphasize, in the strongest possible terms, that the adoption of the [framework] at this COP must be accompanied by approval of a commensurately robust package on resource mobilization.”
Most of the world’s biodiversity is located in the poorer countries of the global south. Most of the wealth – much of which was created at the expense of the world’s biodiversity – exists in the north.
“It’s everyone’s problem, but we are not equally responsible for the drivers that have led to the destruction of biodiversity,” the delegate said. “This is an issue of fairness.”
Estimates of how much money is involved range fromUS$200-billion to US$700-billion a year, including the redirection of public subsidies from projects that damage biodiversity to those that support it.
Any framework deal on preserving biodiversity will fail in the implementation if it’s not adequately resourced, the delegate said.
“We do want those goals and targets to be approved. [But] the global biodiversity framework needs to move together as a whole and that has not been happening.”
Delegates have disagreed on whether the money should be funnelled through a new fund or existing channels. Transparency and disclosure are also topics of discussion.
Observers said the walkout threatens the success of the talks.
“It is particularly concerning that donor countries don’t look to be ready to step up on international biodiversity finance,” said Innocent Maloba, multilateral affairs specialist for the World Wildlife Fund. “This has led to the negotiations now being on the edge of a full breakdown.
“As the countries with the greatest roles in driving biodiversity loss, through high levels of consumption, developed countries have a duty to support developing countries in the protection and conservation of the biodiversity that we all rely on.”
Francis Ogwal, co-chair of one of the working groups attempting to reach a deal, said the attempt to agree on both preservation and funding targets together makes this round of negotiations different from previous ones.
“This time around we said the framework should be a package,” he said. “It should all be done at the same time.”
It isn’t all about money. Discussions also involve technology transfer and capacity building to help funding recipients use resources efficiently.
A meeting was scheduled later Wednesday for all the heads of delegations of countries attending the conference in an attempt to resolve the impasse.
The walkout came as the two-week event entered its final days, with environment ministers from around the world arriving to try to hammer out a final text on the most difficult issues.
Climate change and biodiversity are closely linked. Scientists have concluded that it will be impossible to hold global warming to 1.5 C without saving at least one-third of the planet.
The COP15 meetings go on until Monday.