Skip to main content

Shoppers at a Sears retail store in Toronto on October 19, 2017.Nathan Denette/The Canadian Press

A court-appointed representative for Sears Canada retirees said Tuesday that Canada’s bankruptcy laws should be changed to avoid future financial hardship for members of other underfunded pension plans.

Kenneth Eady, a former Sears Canada management employee who now represents 17,000 other pensioners, told MPs that he doesn’t believe it’s fair that Canada’s two bankruptcy laws give banks more protection than pensioners.

Parliament should pass a Bloc Québécois bill to amend the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act, Eady told a Commons committee that’s reviewing the proposed legislation.

“You’re the ones who can make a difference here, folks,” Eady said. “The MPs on this committee can vote in favour of this bill, and help protect seniors. I suggest you do.”

Under questioning, Eady said that Sears Canada retirees would have been helped if the proposed amendments to the two laws were in place when Sears Canada filed its initial request for court protection in June 2017.

Sears Canada retirees would have been helped much if they were ranked ahead of other creditors but behind banks, who have “super priority” status, Eady said.

“I don’t believe it would have made any meaningful difference to Sears pensioners,” Eady said.

“It’s a different type of debt that you have with the pension plan. It’s a long term outstanding debt. And so, they have to be treated as super creditors to be to make it meaningful to pensioners.”

In the Sears Canada bankruptcy process, which hasn’t yet been completed, there wasn’t enough money to fund pension shortfalls after debts to banks and active employees were repaid ahead of other classes of creditors.

Eady is one of several witnesses who have spoken for or against a private member’s bill that proposed to give underfunded pension plans and banks similar priority in bankruptcy courts.

Representatives from the Canadian Bankers Association and the Insolvency Institute of Canada warned the same committee last week that the bill’s proposed changes would create worse problems than they solve.

Charles Docherty, assistant general counsel for the Canadian Bankers Association, said on Thursday that “a very careful balance has been achieved over several decades in the order of priority and bankruptcy.”

“Ultimately, changes to the order of priority in bankruptcy threatens to seriously undermine the delicate balance with ripple effects across the economy.”

Eady said in an interview Tuesday after his presentation that the high profile nature of the Sears Canada bankruptcy serves as an example of what’s wrong with the current laws, he said.

“MPs are people with family who shopped at Sears. Maybe they worked there as a kid. I know several that have,” he said. “Hopefully the fact that Sears is familiar to so many people, helps … bring this issue clarity.”

Your time is valuable. Have the Top Business Headlines newsletter conveniently delivered to your inbox in the morning or evening. Sign up today.