Falling oil prices took a bite out of exports in October as Canada’s merchandise trade deficit increased to roughly $1.2-billion in October compared with $891-million in September, Statistics Canada said on Thursday.
Economists had expected a deficit of $700-million, according to Thomson Reuters Eikon.
“October’s surprise disappointment in the trade deficit adds to weakness from the prior month but the details reveal that momentum beneath the surface is somewhat stronger,” CIBC economist Katherine Judge wrote in a report.
In volume terms, exports increased 1.2 per cent as lower energy prices led to a 2.3-per-cent drop in total export prices. Real imports were essentially unchanged.
Ms. Judge noted the increase in export volumes was a positive indicator for manufacturing shipments and monthly GDP.
“Following a discouraging end to Q3 in terms of growth, as well as headwinds being faced in other parts of the economy including the energy sector, this report is a step in the right direction,” Ms. Judge wrote.
“However, the Bank of Canada will need more consistently positive data in order to raise rates at its January meeting.”
The Bank of Canada kept its key interest-rate target on hold this week amid the drop in oil prices and an unexpected decline in business investment.
Many market watchers interpreted the comments by the bank as being dovish and lowered the odds of an interest-rate hike by the central bank in January.
Statscan reported on Thursday that total exports fell 1.2 per cent in October to $49.3-billion, despite increases in seven of 11 sections.
Exports of energy products fell 12.4 per cent to $8.8-billion in October, owing in large part to a 15.4-per-cent drop in crude oil prices. Exports excluding energy products were up 1.6 per cent.
Meanwhile, exports of motor vehicles and parts rose 4.4 per cent to $7.8-billion.
Total imports fell 0.6 per cent to $50.5-billion in October, as seven of 11 sections moved lower, led by motor vehicles and parts, and basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products.
Imports of motor vehicles and parts fell 3.5 per cent to $9.1-billion in October, while the basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products group dropped 4.5 per cent to $4.0-billion.