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Economy Canadian economy shows signs of momentum, but rate-hike odds still low

Fabricator Mike Caldarino works at George Third & Son Steel Fabricators and Erectors, in Burnaby, B.C., on March 29, 2018.

DARRYL DYCK/The Canadian Press

Canada’s economy expanded at a faster-than-expected pace in October, but evidence of economic momentum heading into the end of the year may not be enough to shift the Bank of Canada from the sidelines due to the recent slump in oil prices.

Canada’s gross domestic product rose 0.3 per cent in October from September, pushed higher by strength in manufacturing, finance and insurance, Statistics Canada data indicated on Friday.

Analysts in a Reuters poll had predicted monthly GDP would increase by 0.2 per cent.

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“While these reports are a tad stale, representing the days of yore before the equity correction, they nevertheless show that the economy had decent momentum heading into year-end,” Doug Porter, chief economist at BMO Capital Markets, said in a research note.

“Still, given the heavy-duty struggles for financial markets and the deep dive in oil prices, this will barely make a ripple in the outlook for the Bank of Canada.”

The price of oil, one of Canada’s major exports, has slumped about 40 per cent since October.

The Bank of Canada has raised its benchmark interest rate five times since July, 2017, to a level of 1.75 per cent. But expectations for further tightening were slashed after the central bank left rates on hold earlier this month and suggested the pace of future hikes could be more gradual.

Money markets expect just 14 basis points of tightening next year, down from 43 basis points before the December policy announcement.

Economists still expect annualized fourth-quarter growth to fall short of the Bank of Canada’s 2.3-per-cent estimate due to oil production cuts.

“The data are in line with our 1.7-per-cent estimate for Q4 GDP, but we’ll need decent news outside the energy sector to hit that mark,” said Avery Shenfeld, chief economist at CIBC Capital Markets.

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The Canadian dollar weakened on Friday to a 19-month low of 1.3564 to the U.S. dollar as pressure on stocks and the price of oil offset the stronger-than-expected GDP gain.

Separate data from Statistics Canada showed the value of Canadian retail trade rose 0.3 per cent in October from September, thanks largely to higher sales at motor vehicle dealers and gasoline stations. Analysts had forecast a 0.4-per-cent gain.

Reuters

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