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Economy U.S. home sales surge nearly 12 per cent, boosted by Fed signal of paused rate hikes

In this Jan. 4, 2019, file photo a sign hangs outside a house for sale in Pittsburgh.

Keith Srakocic/The Associated Press

U.S. home sales surged in February to their highest level in 11 months, a sign that a pause in interest-rate hikes by the Federal Reserve was starting to boost the U.S. economy.

The National Association of Realtors said on Friday existing home sales jumped 11.8 per cent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.51 million units last month.

That was the highest since March, 2018, and well above analysts’ expectations of a rate of 5.1 million units. The one-month percentage change was the largest since December, 2015. January’s sales pace was revised slightly lower.

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February’s surge came as mortgage rates fell following signals from the Federal Reserve that it was no longer eyeing rate hikes. Several years of rising rates had put a brake on parts of the U.S. housing market in 2018.

“[It’s] quite a powerful recovery that’s taking place,” said Lawrence Yun, chief economist with the National Association of Realtors.

Still, the number of sales in February was 1.8 per cent lower than a year ago.

The U.S. housing market has also been held back by land and labour shortages, which have led to tight inventory and more expensive homes.

The PHLX Housing Index extended losses following the release of the figures although its decline was less steep than the broader stock market.

The median existing house price increased 3.6 per cent from a year ago to $249,500 in February.

Existing home sales rose in three of the country’s four major regions and were unchanged in the Northeast.

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There were 1.63 million previously owned homes on the market in February, up from 1.59 million in January.

At February’s sales pace, it would take 3.5 months to exhaust the current inventory, down from 3.9 months in January. A supply of six to seven months is viewed as a healthy balance between supply and demand.

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