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Chevron Corp CVX-N on Wednesday said it would triple its budget for share buybacks to $75-billion, the oil industry’s most ambitious shareholder payouts to date, as high oil and gas prices pad profits.

The oil industry has been facing calls from investors and the White House to put last year’s record earnings from sky high energy prices into more drilling, acquisitions, or to reduce prices for consumers.

Chevron on Friday is expected to report profits for 2022 doubled to $37.2-billion, according to estimates by Refinitiv. It has budgeted $17-billion on new oil and gas projects this year, up $2-billion from last year.

Chevron’s disclosure of the share buyback and a 6 per cent increase in its quarterly shareholder dividend signalled it will allocate a big chunk of its profits to reward shareholders. It did not set a timetable for the buybacks.

Chevron and Exxon Mobil XOM-N are poised to post record annual profits for 2022 of nearly $100-billion combined, analysts forecast.

Those unprecedented earnings led analysts at Citi on Wednesday to ask if one of the two might buy BP, Shell or TotalEnergies.

U.S. oil producers overall are increasing their budgets for new energy projects this year, but the expenditures will be dwarfed by the amounts paid to shareholders.

The White House criticized the move in a statement. Last year the administration of President Joe Biden called for oil producers to instead invest in production to reduce energy prices for consumers and raise investments in renewable energy.

“For a company that claimed not too long ago that it was ‘working hard’ to increase oil production, handing out $75-billion to executives and wealthy shareholders sure is an odd way to show it,” said White House spokesperson Abdullah Hasan.

The U.S. oil majors’ valuations are about 40 per cent above European rivals, Citi said. BP’s market value is about $108-billion, compared to Chevron’s $346-billion and Exxon’s $466-billion.

Exxon Mobil, which led shareholder returns among oil majors last year, last month increased its buyback plan to $50-billion through 2024.

Chevron’s buyback plan is smaller than those for large technology companies such as Apple. As of September, Apple has authorized $405-billion in buybacks and repurchased more than $90-billion in shares during the previous 12-month period.

Chevron shares rose almost 3 per cent in aftermarket trade.

The energy industry last year was one of the top sectors in the S&P 500 index after trailing the broader market for years.

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