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Workers at the construction site of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, near the town of Kingisepp, in Russia, on June 5, 2019.Anton Vaganov/Reuters

The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline is not exempt from European Union rules that require the owners of pipelines to be different from the suppliers of the gas that flows in them to ensure fair competition, a German court ruled on Wednesday.

The Duesseldorf Higher Regional Court rejected a challenge brought last year by the operators of the Gazprom-backed project to carry gas from Russia to Germany under the Baltic Sea. They had argued the rules were discriminatory.

The court did not immediately explain its ruling, which can be appealed.

Dutch prices at the TTF hub were trading higher after the ruling.

“Russia’s Gazprom will be forced to auction pipeline capacity, which could delay deliveries further,” said Refinitiv gas analyst Xun Peng.

EU rules require the companies that produce, transport and distribute gas within the bloc to be separate, or “unbundled”. They aim to ensure fair competition in the market and to prevent companies from possibly obstructing competitors’ access to infrastructure.

This means that the company transporting the gas must auction its capacity to third parties.

The Nord Stream 2 operator claims the rules, amended in 2019, were aimed at torpedoing the pipeline. The project is strongly opposed by many European governments, some of whom see it as a Russian state venture designed to increase the EU’s dependence on Russian gas.

Nord Stream 2 said the German court’s decision highlighted the “discriminatory effect” of the EU’s amended Gas Directive.

The rules will cost Nord Stream 2, which links Germany directly with Russia under the Baltic Sea, additional time and money but will not stop its completion.

The ruling was made after the operating consortium sought a review of the decision in May, 2020, by the German energy regulator, the Bundesnetzagentur, declining to grant it an exemption.

The Kremlin said Wednesday’s court ruling was a “corporative issue”, adding that the consortium should take care of it itself.

“We can only reiterate … that the Nord Stream 2 is a purely commercial project … aimed at significantly strengthening European energy security,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.

The consortium also includes five western utilities and oil companies – Uniper SE, Wintershall-Dea, Royal Dutch Shell PLC, OMV AG and Engie SA – who put up 50 per cent of the finance.

The US$11-billion project, with a transport capacity of 55 billion cubic metres, has faced political opposition from Washington as well as from Ukraine and Poland, which stand to lose out on lucrative transit business if the pipeline goes into operation.

President Joe Biden and German Chancellor Angela Merkel last month reached an agreement that averted the threat of U.S. sanctions targeting the pipeline and its operators.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said last week only 15 km were left to finish. Ms. Merkel urged him to extend a gas transit deal with Ukraine that expires in 2024.

The project’s identically sized forerunner, Nord Stream 1, has been exempt from unbundling rules since opening in 2011 because it was treated as an interconnector rather than as direct supplier.

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