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Oil prices climbed on Wednesday, settling up about 3% after a disruption at Libya’s top oil field added to fears that mounting tensions in the Middle East could disrupt global oil supplies.

Brent futures rose $2.36, or 3.1%, to settle at $78.25 a barrel. U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude rose $2.32, or 3.3%, to settle at $72.70.

Both crude benchmarks settled higher for the for the first time in five days with the biggest daily percentage gain for WTI since mid November.

“Oil is trading … higher today, buoyed it would appear by protests at Libya’s largest oil field and further attacks in the Red Sea,” said Craig Erlam, senior market analyst U.K. & EMEA, at data and analytics firm OANDA.

In OPEC member Libya, protests forced a shutdown of production at the 300,000 barrel per day (bpd) Sharara oil field.

Oil prices also climbed after Israel intensified its bombing of the Gaza Strip after its war with the Iran-backed Palestinian Hamas group stretched into Lebanon with the killing in Beirut of Hamas’ deputy leader. Israel has neither confirmed nor denied responsibility.

The head of Lebanon’s armed group Hezbollah, also backed by Iran, warned the killing of Hamas’ deputy chief was “a major, dangerous crime about which we cannot be silent.”

In the Red Sea, another Iran-backed group, the Houthis in Yemen, continued to attack vessels, prompting concerns that a wider Middle East conflict could develop and close crucial oil transport waterways like the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.

In OPEC member Iran, two explosions killed more than 100 people and wounded scores at a ceremony to commemorate top commander Qassem Soleimani who was killed by a U.S. drone in 2020.

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) said co-operation and dialogue within the wider OPEC+ oil producer alliance will continue after Angola last month announced it would leave the group.

OPEC+, which includes OPEC and allies like Russia, said it plans a Feb. 1 meeting to review implementation of its latest oil output cut.

Fed and oil inventories

U.S. Federal Reserve officials appeared increasingly convinced inflation was coming under control, according to the minutes of U.S. central bank’s December meeting.

The Fed is widely expected to keep rates on hold in January. Traders have priced in a 65.7% chance of a 25 basis point rate cut in March, according to CMEGroup’s FedWatch tool.

Lower interest rates reduce consumer borrowing costs, which can boost economic growth and demand for oil.

The American Petroleum Institute (API), an industry group, and the U.S. Energy Information Administration will release their oil inventory reports one day later than usual due to the New Year holiday with API expected around 4:30 p.m. EST on Wednesday and EIA on Thursday.

Analysts forecast U.S. energy firms pulled about 3.7 million barrels of oil from storage during the week ended Dec. 29.

That compares with a build of 1.7 million barrels in the same week last year and a five-year (2018-2022) average decline of 4.0 million barrels.

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