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The Brent crude oil benchmark finished above $80 a barrel on Thursday, after demand concerns and a fading war-risk premium triggered a sell-off earlier this week.

Brent crude futures settled at $80.01 a barrel, a gain of 47 cents, or 0.59%. U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures finished at $75.74 a barrel up 41 cents or 0.54%.

Late in Thursday’s trading, comments by U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell indicating possible future interest rate increases shook stock and crude oil markets’ hopes for strong demand.

“There’s a macroeconomic head wind affecting markets today,” said John Kilduff, partner with Again Capital LLC.

Market fundamentals dominated trader sentiments through much of Thursday as fears of Middle East supply disruptions have eased, said Jim Burkhard, vice president and head of research for oil markets at S&P Global Commodity Insights.

“The onset of the Israel-Hamas war does fuel volatility and bring additional risks, but it has not affected underlying oil market fundamentals,” Burkhard said. “Oil prices have remained below where they were in late September – a week before the Hamas attack. Strong oil market fundamentals are prevailing over any fears at the moment.”

Brent is nearly $20 a barrel lower than its September peak.

Data from China on Thursday showed policymakers struggling to control disinflation, casting doubt over the chances of a broad-based economic recovery in the world’s biggest commodity consumer.

Earlier in the week customs data showed that China’s total exports of goods and services contracted faster than expected.

Demand indicators also imply weakness in the United States.

U.S. crude oil inventories increased by 11.9 million barrels over the week to Nov. 3, sources said, citing American Petroleum Institute figures. [API/S]

If confirmed, this would represent the biggest weekly build since February. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), however, has delayed release of weekly oil inventory data until Nov. 15 for a system upgrade.

Global markets, however, were upbeat on Thursday on the belief that major central banks have completed their rate hikes. High interest rates raise the cost of borrowing, dampening demand in markets, including oil.

Both OPEC and the International Energy Agency (IEA) are due to offer their view on the state of oil demand and supply fundamentals next week.

OPEC is set to meet at the end of the month to discuss output policy for 2024.

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