Oil prices fell on Friday and posted a weekly loss on a faster-than-expected recovery in Saudi output, while investors also worried about global crude demand amid slowing Chinese economic growth.
During a volatile session, Brent crude futures fell 83 cents, or 1.3 per cent, to settle at $61.91 a barrel, after dropping to a session low of $60.76 a barrel.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures fell 50 cents, or 0.9 per cent, to settle at $55.91 a barrel. It hit a session low of $54.75 a barrel.
Brent fell 3.7 per cent for the week, its biggest weekly loss since early August. WTI lost 3.6 per cent, its steepest loss since mid-July.
Crude futures fell along with other higher-risk assets after news the U.S. government is considering the possibility of delisting Chinese companies from U.S. exchanges, a source briefed on the matter said on Friday. The move would be a radical escalation of trade tensions between the U.S. and China.
Earlier in the session, futures fell after Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said the United States offered to remove all sanctions on Iran in exchange for talks. However, U.S. President Donald Trump then said he had refused the request by Tehran.
“We’ve really been following headline to headline,” said Phil Flynn, an analyst with Price Futures Group in Chicago.
Also weighing on prices, a Wall Street Journal report citing unnamed sources said Saudi Arabia had agreed a partial ceasefire in Yemen, said analysts in the Reuters Global Oil Forum.
“Saudi Arabia has occupied centre stage in prompting a major upswing in oil price volatility through most of this month both on a daily and weekly basis,” Jim Ritterbusch, of Ritterbusch and Associates, said in a note.
Brent is just above its level before attacks on Saudi facilities on Sept. 14, which initially halved the kingdom’s production.
Sources told Reuters this week that Saudi Arabia had restored capacity to 11.3 million barrels per day. Saudi Aramco has yet to confirm it is fully back online.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) said it might cut its estimates for global oil demand for 2019 and 2020 should the global economy weaken further.
In China, the world’s second-largest economy and biggest importer of crude oil, industrial companies reported a contraction in profits in August.
Key oil freight rates from the Middle East to Asia rocketed as much as 28 per cent on Friday in the global oil shipping market, spooked by U.S. sanctions on units of China’s COSCO for alleged involvement in ferrying crude out of Iran.
The COSCO vessels account for about 7.5 per cent of the world’s fleet of supertankers, Refinitiv data showed.
Emerging details related to the Trump impeachment inquiry also helped to dent demand sentiment, analysts said.
“An impeachment would add to the uncertainty of the U.S. economy,” Flynn said.
In an indication of future production, U.S. energy firms reduced the number of oil rigs this week, and for a record 10th month in a row. Drillers cut six oil rigs in the week to Sept. 27, bringing the total count down to 713, the lowest since May 2017, General Electric Co’s Baker Hughes energy services firm said on Friday.
Money managers cut their net long U.S. crude futures and options positions in the week to Sept. 24 by 8,199 contracts to 212,561, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) said on Friday.