Major U.S. chip firms on Monday were coming around to support a package of chip industry subsidies despite earlier concerns that legislation awaiting a vote in the Senate disproportionately benefits manufacturers like Intel Corp.
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer has told lawmakers that a vote could come as early as Tuesday on a slimmed-down set of bills to bolster the U.S. computer chip industry, after Democratic lawmakers cleaved them from a larger, more contentious bill.
The bills are aimed at making the U.S. more competitive against a rising China, whose chip industry has grown rapidly over the last five years to account for almost 10 per cent of global sales.
The measures include $52 billion in subsidies and an investment tax credit to boost U.S. manufacturing. The bills have bipartisan support. Powerful Republican Senator John Cornyn on Sunday tweeted that proceedings on the bill have a “green light” after Democrats pared back their ambitions for unrelated spending bills.
But a rift had emerged last week within the chip industry itself, with some players concerned the final language of the legislation would provide disproportionate support to manufacturers like Intel while doing little to support chip designers like Advanced Micro Devices Inc. AMD-Q, Qualcomm Inc. QCOM-Q, and Nvidia Corp. NVDA-Q.
Intel, along with firms like Texas Instruments Inc. TXN-Q and Micron Technology Inc. MU-Q, designs and manufacturers its own chips. Such firms would benefit from the $52 billion in CHIPS Act subsidies to build factories and also from an investment tax credit to purchase tools for use inside their factories from another measure called the FABS Act.
Intel earlier this year said it would spend $20 billion on a factory in Ohio after breaking ground on two new plants in Arizona last year.
AMD, Qualcomm and Nvidia design their own chips but tap partners to fabricate them and would see no direct benefit from subsidies to build plants or tax support for tools.
They support a separate version of the FABS Act introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives that contains both the manufacturing tax credit and a tax credit for chip design activities that would directly benefit them.
That version of the FABS Act – which is more pleasing to a broader swath of chip industry players – is also the one the Semiconductor Industry Association, which represents U.S. chip firms, had called on lawmakers to pass.
“We’re encouraged that the legislation is progressing, and we continue to support enactment of $52 billion in CHIPS Act investments and a FABS Act investment tax credit for both manufacturing and design,” the association said in a statement on Friday.
The current Senate legislation contains no design tax credit. An SIA spokesperson on Monday said the major chip design companies have told the association they do not plan to oppose the bill over the issue. An AMD spokesperson on Monday said the company supports the current legislation.
Nvidia declined to comment, and Qualcomm and Intel did not return requests for comment.
The lack of a chip design tax credit had prompted some U.S. companies, which asked not to be named for fear of industry and government blowback, to debate their support for the Senate bill if the final language that comes to the floor has no tax credit for design activities, two people familiar with matter said.
“You have Intel that might get $20 billion with CHIPS Act plus $5 billion or $10 billion under the FABS Act. So $30 billion goes to your direct competitor, and you don’t get a penny? That’s going to cause problems in the market,” said one person at a company that debated its position on the bill, speaking on condition of anonymity because the person was not authorized to talk to the press.
“It’s going to benefit just a few companies,” said a person at a second company that deliberated its support for a bill with no design credits who was not authorized to speak to the press.
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