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The head of the French cybersecurity agency ANSSI said there would not be a total ban on using equipment from Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. in the rollout of France’s 5G telecom networks, but that it was pushing domestic telecom companies to avoid switching to the Chinese firm.

“What I can say is that there won’t be a total ban,” Guillaume Poupard told Les Echos newspaper in an interview. “[But] for operators that are not currently using Huawei, we are inciting them not to go for it.”

The U.S. government has urged its allies to exclude the Chinese telecom giant from the West’s next-generation communications, saying Beijing could use it for spying. Huawei has denied the charges.

Britain's Boris Johnson expected to end Huawei involvement in country’s 5G network

Sources said in March that France would not ban Huawei but would seek to keep it out of the core mobile network, which carries higher surveillance risks because it processes sensitive information such as customers’ personal data.

France’s decision over Huawei’s equipment is crucial for two of the country’s four telecom operators, Bouygues Telecom and SFR, as about half of their current mobile network is made by the Chinese group.

“For those that are already using Huawei, we are delivering authorizations for durations that vary between three and eight years,” Mr. Poupard said in the interview.

State-controlled Orange has already chosen Huawei’s European rivals Nokia and Ericsson.

Mr. Poupard said that from next week, operators that have not received an explicit authorization to use Huawei equipment for the 5G network can consider a non-response after the legal deadline as a rejection of their requests.

He said the choice was made to protect French independence and not as an act of hostility toward China.

“This is not Huawei bashing or anti-Chinese racism,” Mr. Poupard said. “All we’re saying is that the risk is not the same with European suppliers as with non-Europeans.”

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