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Pope Francis waves from the main balcony of St. Peter's Basilica, at the Vatican, on Dec. 25, 2021.YARA NARDI/Reuters

Pope Francis on Monday encouraged the people everyone loves to hate – tax collectors – telling them that while they will never win popularity contests, they were vital for the functioning of a fair society.

“Your work appears to be thankless …,” he told a delegation from the Agenzia delle Entrate, Italy’s revenue agency, acknowledging that taxation was often seen as “putting your hands in other people’s pockets.”

But Francis said everyone had to pay their fair share of taxes, particularly the wealthy, so that the weakest members of society were not “crushed by the most powerful” people.

“In reality, taxation is a sign of legality and justice,” he said.

Going off script, Francis praised Italy’s national health care system, which is mostly free, as an example of how taxes can be well used, calling it “one of the most beautiful things” the country has.

“Defend it, because we should not fall into a health care system where one has to pay, where the poor do not have the right to anything,” he said.

He praised the honesty of those who pay their taxes, denouncing tax evasion and the underground, or off-the-books, economy.

In Italy, where a comedian once joked that tax evasion is the country’s most popular sport after soccer, an estimated more than €100-billion a year is lost to tax evasion, according to recent statistics.

Officials also estimate that Italy’s underground economy – without contracts, social security contributions or taxes deducted – is worth about €200-billion a year, or about 11 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Francis also told the tax collectors that while they may not be showered with affection on earth, they have a patron saint in heaven. He reminded them that St. Matthew the Apostle was a publican, or tax collector in Roman times, before he decided to follow Jesus.

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