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New orders for key U.S.-made capital goods increased in July, although the pace slowed from June’s robust gain, suggesting the rebound in business investment would be gradual amid uncertainty about the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The report from the Commerce Department on Wednesday showed an uneven recovery in investment as the coronavirus crisis shifts spending away from equipment used in the services industries such as restaurants and bars to purchases of goods such as home electronics.

“While orders are nearly back to their prepandemic levels, the slowing pace of gains suggests it will take a while for activity to fully recover,” said Lydia Boussour, a senior U.S. economist at Oxford Economics in New York.

“We do not expect business investment to reach its prepandemic level before mid-2022.”

Orders for non-defence capital goods excluding aircraft, a closely watched proxy for business spending plans, increased 1.9 per cent last month. These core capital goods orders jumped 4.3 per cent in June, which was the largest gain in six years.

Core capital goods orders are slightly below their prepandemic level. They fell 1.9 per cent on a year-on-year basis in July. Last month’s rise in orders matched economists’ expectations.

Although new coronavirus cases have subsided after a broad resurgence following the reopening of businesses in May, the path of the pandemic remains unclear, with many hot spots remaining. There are growing signs that the economy’s recovery from the pandemic is slowing or even reversing.

At least 28 million people are on unemployment benefits and bankruptcies are rising as government aid rolled out at the start of the pandemic dries up. Regional Federal Reserve surveys showed a moderation in factory activity in the New York State and the mid-Atlantic regions this month. Consumer confidence fell to a six-year low in August.

“The trends in economic indicators have not changed significantly,” economists at Bank of America Securities wrote in a research note. “We likely need to see daily COVID-19 cases decline much more significantly in order for gains in economic activity to accelerate meaningfully.”

The economy slipped into recession in February.

Stocks on Wall Street were trading higher. The dollar was little changed against a basket of currencies. U.S. Treasury prices fell.


Core capital goods orders last month were supported by demand for machinery, fabricated metals products, computers and electronic products and electrical equipment, appliances and components. Unfilled core capital goods orders edged up 0.1 per cent. That followed a 0.2-per-cent gain in June.

“The recovery remains uneven between investment that complements COVID-life and that which does not,” said Sarah House, a senior economist at Wells Fargo Securities in Charlotte, N.C. “Computers and communications orders have surpassed their February levels, while orders for machinery and metals continue to dig out from the hole left by shutdowns and more muted profit outlooks.”

Shipments of core capital goods increased 2.4 per cent. Core capital goods shipments are used to calculate equipment spending in the government’s gross domestic product measurement. They shot up 3.8 per cent in June, but remain 0.4 per cent below their February level.

The shuttering of non-essential businesses in mid-March and a collapse in oil prices helped to undercut business investment, which was already under pressure from the Trump administration’s trade war with China.

Business investment tumbled at a record 27-per-cent annualized rate in the second quarter, with spending on equipment collapsing at an all-time pace of 37.7 per cent. Investment in equipment has now contracted for five straight quarters.

Economists expect the government will report a historic drop in corporate profits in the second quarter on Thursday when it publishes its second estimate of GDP for the last quarter.

Orders for durable goods, items ranging from toasters to aircraft that are meant to last three years or more, surged 11.2 per cent in July after advancing 7.7 per cent in June. Durable goods orders have recouped losses suffered during the shutdown and are almost back at their prepandemic level.

Durable goods orders were boosted by robust demand for motor vehicles, which powered ahead 21.9 per cent after accelerating 85.6 per cent in June. There were no orders reported for civilian aircraft. Orders for transportation equipment jumped 35.6 per cent last month after rising 19.7 per cent in June. Motor vehicles have a bigger weighting in the transportation category.

Boeing Co. reported no aircraft orders in July after receiving only one in June. The planemaker has struggled with cancellations as airlines grapple with sharply reduced demand for air travel because of the pandemic.

The grounding of Boeing’s best-selling 737 Max jets since March, 2019, after two crashes in Indonesia and Ethiopia has also weighed on the company.

Unfilled durable goods orders fell 0.8 per cent in July after declining 1.4 per cent in June. Durable goods inventories fell 0.5 per cent.

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