Western fossil fuel companies looking to develop deposits in Africa need to consider significant risk of regulatory action as on other continents as the world moves to try to tackle climate change, a U.S. climate envoy said on Friday.
U.S. Deputy Special Presidential Envoy for Climate Jonathan Pershing, speaking from South Africa, urged Western investors to consider whether fossil fuels were a good commercial opportunity anymore in Africa or anywhere else.
“There’s a risk of regulatory … and financial action, and I believe that’s getting more and more explicit,” he told a virtual media briefing, after being asked about the current rush by Western oil and gas companies to develop deposits in Africa.
“If you’re a company looking to make an investment in oil and gas, you have to ask yourself … am I going to be left with a stranded asset?” he said, noting that even China had just committed to stop building overseas coal plants.
“I would not bet very strongly on a fossil fuel future.”
Pershing is visiting several countries in Africa as part of efforts to raise global climate ambition ahead of the U.N. COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland next month.
His comments come despite the United States itself being a major producer and exporter of oil and gas, with recent growth driven by output from shale fields.
African nations are seeking financial assistance from the West to switch to renewables. On Tuesday, South Africa, the continent’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter and the world’s 12th largest, owing to its reliance on coal for power, told visiting climate envoys from the United States, Britain, Germany and France, that it needs major support for its energy transition.
Pershing has held meetings with South African officials, business leaders and trade unions on the country’s energy plans. “We believe that part of what the donors will be seeking to do (is) to help raise concessional finance for the South African transition,” he told Friday’s news conference, giving no details of what the United States was offering or any agreements.
South Africa produces over 80 per cent of its power from coal and its indebted state power utility, Eskom, needs billions of dollars to replace it with cleaner alternatives.
Africa accounts for just 3.8 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions, according to the Carbon Disclosure Project, a not-for-profit charity, but Pershing noted it was the fastest-growing continent. It could, he said, “leapfrog” older carbon-based technologies and embrace renewables, just as it skipped wired telecoms in many places and went straight for wireless.
“Africa doesn’t need to move in the direction of the West’s high-carbon intensity. It can move directly beyond that,” he said.
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