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Greg Kelly, the former deputy of ousted Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn, is seen in the car, as he leaves after being released from a detention centre in Tokyo, Japan, Dec, 25, 2018.Kim Kyung Hoon/Reuters

His boss Carlos Ghosn escaped financial misconduct charges by fleeing the country, but another former Nissan executive is still awaiting trial in Japan: Greg Kelly.

Mr. Kelly’s trial in Tokyo District Court is to open Sept. 15, nearly two years after his arrest, and the same day he turns 64. If convicted on charges related to underreporting Mr. Ghosn’s income, Mr. Kelly could face up to a decade in prison.

Even if acquitted, he has already paid a heavy price, unable to leave Japan and go home to Tennessee while out on bail. He has yet to see his newborn grandchild. His wife got a student visa to stay with him in Tokyo.

Mr. Kelly, like Mr. Ghosn, says he is innocent.

Tokyo prosecutors say Mr. Kelly and Mr. Ghosn, the former chairman of Nissan Motor Co., violated financial laws by underreporting Mr. Ghosn’s pay by about 9 billion yen (US$85-million) from 2011 through 2018.

Jamie Wareham, Mr. Kelly’s lawyer in the United States, says a compensation agreement was never finalized. He believes the real motive was a “corporate coup” to oust Mr. Ghosn by others at Nissan who feared he might engineer a takeover by its French alliance partner, Renault.

“The whole thing is a fraud,” Mr. Wareham said by phone.

Mr. Ghosn could have been a star witness for the defence. But he is gone, having fled to Lebanon late last year, hidden in a box aboard a private jet.

“He is frustrated. He is upset,” Mr. Wareham said of Mr. Kelly. “He has been abused from the beginning by the Japanese system.”

Nissan’s U.S. division hired Mr. Kelly, who has a law degree, in 1988. He became a representative director in 2012, the first American on Nissan’s board. Mr. Kelly worked in legal counsel and human resources at the company. He was arrested in November, 2018, upon his arrival from the U.S. in Japan, thinking he was going to attend Nissan meetings.

Mr. Kelly has not been charged with breach of trust allegations that Mr. Ghosn is facing, which centre on suspected use of Nissan money for personal purposes, including fancy homes. Mr. Ghosn’s lawyers have argued the properties were needed for work, and contend that such questions could have been raised internally at the company and did not require prosecution.

Tokyo deputy chief prosecutor Hiroshi Yamamoto said the preparations for Mr. Kelly’s trial took a long time because of the massive amounts of evidence involved.

“We feel we have a solid case with ample evidence to win a guilty verdict,” Mr. Yamamoto told reporters recently.

Mr. Wareham said prosecutors have sent the equivalent of a billion pages of documents, mostly in English, that can only be examined on a computer at the Tokyo legal team’s office. They have yet to hand over more than 70 seven-inch-size boxes full of material marked as evidence, with only two weeks left before the trial opens.

Mr. Kelly’s treatment has been unfair, Mr. Wareham said. But he is confident Mr. Kelly will be vindicated because he is so “obviously innocent,” he said.

Nissan was charged as a company, and Nissan and Mr. Kelly will be tried together. Nissan has acknowledged guilt and made changes to the statements on compensation. It was fined 2.4 billion yen, but still faces related charges.

In a trial likely to last about a year, Nissan employees, including former chief executive Hiroto Saikawa, are expected to testify in support of the prosecutors. Mr. Saikawa replaced Mr. Ghosn but resigned last year over financial misconduct allegations of his own. He has not been charged.

Separately, Japan is seeking the extradition of two Americans, Michael Taylor and his son Peter Taylor, on charges of smuggling Mr. Ghosn out of Japan. U.S. Magistrate Judge Donald Cabell issued a ruling Friday approving their extradition, but the final decision rests with the U.S. State Department. They are being held in a Massachusetts jail without bail.

Paul Kelly, a lawyer for the Taylors, said they looked forward to presenting their arguments at the State Department, including the history of Michael Taylor, a former U.S. Army Special Forces veteran, who has achieved “stunning, well-documented victories over criminals and terrorists.”

Mr. Ghosn has repeatedly slammed Japan’s court system, denouncing it as “hostage justice.”

That is a widespread criticism given that the conviction rate is above 99 per cent. Suspects are routinely grilled by police or prosecutors without a lawyer present and held for months before trial, a practice that critics say leads to false confessions and lacks a presumption of innocence.

At the heart of the whole Ghosn saga is the tendency for Japanese executives to be paid far less than their Western counterparts, while they work more as part of “salaryman” teams than as powerful leaders.

In 2010, when Japan started requiring the public disclosure of individual executives’ pay, Mr. Ghosn’s US$9.5-million annual salary raised eyebrows.

Mr. Ghosn defended his higher than usual compensation as what he deserved for what he had achieved at Nissan, leading its turnaround from the brink of collapse after he was sent by Renault in 1999.

Since Japan has no extradition treaty with Lebanon, it’s unlikely Mr. Ghosn will ever face trial. But his legacy at Nissan is likely to overshadow Mr. Kelly’s trial.

“My prayers go to Greg Kelly and his family who remain trapped by the Japanese Hostage Justice System,” Mr. Ghosn said in a tweet earlier this year.

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