Euro zone annual inflation in April was 0.3 per cent, the lowest level in nearly four years, according to final data released on Wednesday by Eurostat, which revised down its earlier estimate as energy prices fell more than initially expected.
The European Union statistics agency had previously estimated that consumer prices in the 19-nation currency bloc rose 0.4 per cent on the year in April, but on Wednesday lowered the figure to 0.3 per cent, the lowest since August 2016.
Headline inflation confirmed its slowing trend since the start of the year, dropping from 0.7 per cent in March, 1.2 per cent in February and 1.4 per cent in January, farther away from the European Central Bank target of a rate below but close to 2 per cent over the medium term.
The revision was caused by a larger-than-expected fall in energy prices, amid the coronavirus crisis and the oil price war between Russia and Saudi Arabia, two major producers of petroleum.
Eurostat said energy prices in the bloc fell 9.7 per cent in April year-on-year, revising down its earlier estimate of a 9.6 per cent drop.
Excluding energy prices, inflation in the bloc rose to 1.4 per cent in April from 1.3 per cent in March, Eurostat data showed, mostly driven by higher prices in supermarkets.
On the year, food, alcohol and tobacco prices went up by 3.6 per cent in April from 2.4 per cent in March, as consumers stocked up on goods during the pandemic.
In the services sector, the largest in the bloc’s economy, inflation was 1.2 per cent in April year-on-year, down from 1.3 per cent in March.
Without the volatile energy and unprocessed food components – what the ECB calls core inflation – prices grew 1.1 per cent on the year, down from 1.2 per cent in March, confirming earlier estimates.
An even narrower measure of inflation that excludes also alcohol and tobacco prices and is followed by many market economists, showed prices going up 0.9 per cent year-on-year, against a 1.0 per cent annual increase in March, in line with previous estimates.
Month-on-month, Eurostat confirmed inflation in the euro zone rose 0.3 per cent.
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