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FILE PHOTO: A William Hill bookmaker store is seen in London, Britain July 21, 2016. REUTERS/Peter Nicholls/File PhotoPeter Nicholls/Reuters

William Hill plans to cut about a third of its betting shops and jobs in Britain after the government slashed the maximum stake permitted on fixed-odds terminals, dubbed the “crack cocaine” of gambling by their critics.

Britain cut the maximum stake allowed to 2 pounds ($2.52) in April after complaints that the machines, which had previously let gamblers bet up to 100 pounds every 20 seconds, were highly addictive and allowed players to rack up big losses.

William Hill, which last year warned that about 900 shops could be shut, said on Thursday it had suffered a significant fall in revenues since the change and would close 700 of them.

It said that the closures, which would put about 4,500 of its 12,500 British jobs at risk, were likely to begin before the end of the year, in the latest blow to Britain’s struggling high streets.

Despite industry warnings that such a reduction could cost thousands of jobs, the British government pushed ahead with it, saying the machines, offering games such as roulette, were a blight preying on the most vulnerable in society.

The popularity of the terminals had helped to sustain a nationwide network of around 8,500 betting shops on British high street when more and more gamblers were using smart phones, tablets and computers to bet on sports such as soccer and horse racing – the traditional mainstays of the industry.

The closure of betting shops is likely to further accelerate that trend toward online gambling.

“This is all about evolving consumer preferences and managing the progressive shift online. Very sensible even if not costless,” Raymond James analyst Chris Bailey said.

Job cuts and store closures among Britain’s gambling firms are also reshaping the face of the high street, after the collapse of several retail chains, including Toys R Us U.K. and electronics retailer Maplin, in recent years.

William Hill’s rival GVC has warned the stake limit would lead to the closure of up to a 1,000 shops and cut its 2019 core profit by about 135 million pounds ($170 million).

And in May, Flutter Entertainment, formerly Paddy Power Betfair, forecast its revenue from fixed-odds machines would slump 43 per cent, but said it did not see substantial changes in footfall at its shops as a result of the change.

William Hill, which in March took a 882.2 million pound non-cash writedown of its retail business, did not immediately respond to a request for details on its plan. It said it was consulting with its employees over the shop closures.


British betting companies have been pushing into the United States after the U.S. Supreme Court overturned a federal ban on sports betting.

“High street betting shops are costly, and revenues are being lost to the online business, and funds are required to finance the expansion into the U.S. – an emerging market for gaming,” CMC Markets analyst David Madden said.

William Hill, whose British retail business generated 56 per cent of net revenue in 2018, has invested in a digital launch in New Jersey and started operations or expanded in six U.S. states.

Britain accounted for 86 per cent of William Hill’s total net revenue last year, while the U.S. contributed 5 per cent and Italy and Spain 4 per cent, the company said on its website.