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Ford F-150s are moved to a storage area outside of the Dearborn Truck Assembly on May 18, 2020.

JEFF KOWALSKY/AFP/Getty Images

Ford Motor Co. on Wednesday closed two U.S. assembly plants as the coronavirus pandemic wreaked early havoc with the No. 2 U.S. automaker’s plan to restart North American production and begin making its most profitable vehicles again.

Ford closed its Dearborn, Mich., plant owing to a positive COVID-19 test by one worker, while its Chicago assembly plant was closed because of a parts shortage, Ford spokeswoman Kelli Felker said.

Ford declined to say which supplier had the issue, but a person familiar with the matter said Lear Corp. had closed a plant in Hammond, Ind., because of a positive test. A Lear spokesman declined to comment.

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It was the second day in a row Ford had closed its Chicago plant, after closing it twice on Tuesday after two workers on different shifts also tested positive. Both the Dearborn and Chicago plants are expected to resume production later on Wednesday, Ms. Felker said.

In the Dearborn and Chicago positive tests, all exposure occurred outside the workplace, Ms. Felker said. Dearborn builds the highly profitable F-150 pickup truck, while the Chicago plant makes the Ford Explorer and Lincoln Aviator SUVs.

The U.S. auto industry, including Ford, reopened many plants on Monday after a long shutdown owing to the outbreak. To ensure safe operation amid the health crisis, Ford and other automakers and suppliers imposed new safety measures, including screening employees who enter the building, mandating the use of face masks and face shields and physical distancing along the assembly line where possible.

The reopening of car plants will be a closely watched test of whether workers across a range of U.S. industries will be able to return to factories in large numbers without a resurgence of infections.

General Motors Co. and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV said on Wednesday they had no issues at any North American plants.

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