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The JPMorgan Chase & Co. corporate headquarters, in New York, on May 20, 2015.Mike Segar/Reuters

JPMorgan Chase & Co. beat analysts’ profit estimates on Wednesday, thanks to record revenue in some investment banking businesses and a sunnier economic outlook that allowed the largest U.S. bank to release money it had set aside for potential loan losses during the coronavirus pandemic.

JPMorgan’s third-quarter profit was 24 per cent higher than the same period last year, and the bank’s average loans and deposits rose, as did credit-card spending, helping JPMorgan’s lending income rise 2.5 per cent from the second quarter.

On a call with analysts, executives were cautiously optimistic that the economy is finally on a healthy path after 19 months of pandemic-related illness, business closings, travel restrictions and stay-at-home trends. They predicted loan demand may not substantially change until next year at the earliest, but were encouraged by early signs that the world is getting back on track.

“We don’t know the future any better than you do,” JPMorgan chief executive officer Jamie Dimon said on a call with journalists. “What we really want is good growth right now. These are great numbers. By the end of 2022, people are forecasting 4-per-cent unemployment, wages are going up, jobs are plentiful. Getting out of COVID, we should all be thanking our lucky stars.”

Analysts were enthusiastic about the signals that customers are getting back to spending and investing.

“While the [loan] numbers aren’t big, we think people will be excited to be at or near an inflection point,” Evercore ISI analyst Glenn Schorr wrote in a note to investors.

JPMorgan’s shares fell nearly 2.6 per cent Wednesday, after touching an all-time high last week of US$171.51, suggesting investors may be taking profits. Shares of other major banks Citigroup, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Wells Fargo & Co. and Bank of America Corp. fell between 0.2 per cent and 1.7 per cent.

Investors often see JPMorgan not just as a big American bank, but as a symbol of how well the global economy and markets are doing. It has a substantial presence in almost all conventional lending businesses – from mortgages to commercial loans – one of the largest investment banks on Wall Street and insights into multinational corporations through its capital markets and treasury services operations.

The highlight for JPMorgan’s third quarter was its Corporate & Investment Bank division, where advisory fees almost tripled due to strong performance in M&A and equity underwriting, fuelled partly by a spate of initial public offerings.

During the quarter, JPMorgan maintained its position as the second-biggest provider of worldwide M&A advisory after Goldman Sachs Group Inc., based on fees, according to Refinitiv.

JPMorgan’s decision to release US$2.1-billion from credit reserves also bolstered its profit. Mr. Dimon and many analysts and investors tend to remove reserve fluctuations from their “core” earnings analyses, because they are based on accounting standards and do not reflect new money coming in the door.

Overall, JPMorgan’s profit rose to US$11.7-billion, or US$3.74 a share, in the quarter ended Sept. 30, compared with US$9.4-billion, or US$2.92 a share, one year earlier. Excluding the reserve release and an income tax benefit, its profit would be US$9.6-billion, or US$3.03 a share.

Analysts on average had expected earnings of US$3.00 a share, according to Refinitiv.

JPMorgan’s revenue rose 2 per cent to US$30.4-billion in the quarter. Analysts on average were expecting revenue of US$29.8-billion.

The bank maintained its guidance that it sees net interest income for the year to come in around US$52.5-billion.

JPMorgan’s shares were down 2.3 per cent in morning trading, with other major banks falling as well. Its shares rose about 5 per cent in the weeks leading up to results, along with other major banks, on hopes of higher interest rates following commentary from the Federal Reserve.

DEAL MAKING PICKS UP

Capital markets businesses helped big Wall Street banks through the pandemic, as investors scrambled to react to news about the pandemic and companies needed help raising capital or hedging businesses’ risks. More recently, as trading revenue has abated, deal making activity has picked up, with companies deciding to combine or go public through special-purpose acquisition companies (SPACs), and fledgling companies listing shares for the first time.

JPMorgan’s Corporate & Investment Bank division reported a 6-per-cent rise in net revenue, to US$12.4-billion. Its Consumer & Community Banking division reported a 2-per-cent decline in net revenue, to US$12.5-billion. Those two businesses toggle for largest by revenue, depending on the quarter.

The lender’s Commercial Banking operation reported an 8-per-cent increase in net revenue, to US$2.5-billion, while Asset & Wealth Management reported a 20-per-cent rise to US$4.3-billion.

On a conference call with analysts, management primarily fielded questions about JPMorgan’s economic outlook and what the quarter’s statistics suggest about the next few quarters. They wanted to know when the bank’s lending income would pick up, and how it might deploy all the cash it has on hand.

For instance, card spending has ticked up dramatically, which would ordinarily be a good sign for banks. But it has not always translated into higher profits, because individuals saved money during the pandemic while they were stuck at home, allowing them to pay down balances and stay current on bills – thereby avoiding interest payments or late fees.

Other large U.S. banks including Bank of America, Citigroup, Wells Fargo and Morgan Stanley will report results on Thursday, while Goldman Sachs, Wall Street’s most prolific deal maker, will round out the earnings season on Friday.

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This content appears as provided to The Globe by the originating wire service. It has not been edited by Globe staff.

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