China’s ByteDance Ltd. is planning a U.S. initial public offering of TikTok Global, the new company that will operate the popular short video app, should its proposed deal be cleared by the White House, people familiar with the matter said on Thursday.
ByteDance is racing to clinch a deal with the White House that will stave off a U.S. ban on TikTok that President Donald Trump has threatened could happen as early as next week.
Mr. Trump ordered ByteDance last month to divest TikTok amid U.S. concerns that the personal data of as many as 100 million Americans who use the app could be passed on to China’s Communist Party government. On Wednesday, he reiterated he was opposed to ByteDance retaining majority ownership of TikTok.
The White House and ByteDance have agreed to a term sheet on some aspects of a deal, although Mr. Trump has not yet approved it, one of the sources said. U.S. investors and companies, including Oracle Corp., would hold at least a 60-per-cent stake in TikTok’s U.S. operations, the source said.
The new company, dubbed TikTok Global, will have a majority of American directors, a U.S. chief executive and a security expert on the board, the source added. Oracle has agreed to eventually own a 20-per-cent stake in the company and Walmart Inc. is also expected to take an equity stake and have a seat on TikTok Global’s board, the source said.
There is no certainty over whether Mr. Trump will sign off on the agreement. It was also not immediately clear what assets TikTok Global would own beyond the app’s assets in the United States.
It was also not clear whether ByteDance could present the deal to China as keeping majority ownership of TikTok. Chinese officials have said they do not want ByteDance to agree to a forced sale, and the company’s proposal to the White House this week called for it to retain majority ownership of TikTok.
An IPO of TikTok would be one of the technology sector’s biggest-ever stock market debuts, given that the app was recently valued by ByteDance investors at more than US$50-billion. It would further reduce ByteDance’s stake in the company.
The filing of the IPO would be on a U.S. stock exchange and could come in about a year, the sources said.
The board of TikTok would include a national security director, who will be approved by the U.S. and chair a security committee overseeing the protection of user data, according to a person familiar with the matter.
The term sheet will grant Oracle the right to inspect TikTok’s source code and includes numerous provisions to ensure data security and the requirement that all U.S. users' data remains in the United States housed by Oracle, the source said.
It is not clear what Oracle or Walmart will pay for its stake. Oracle, Walmart and Treasury did not immediately comment.
White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows said on Thursday that the administration is still looking at details of the deal and whether it meets national security thresholds. Mr. Meadows said if TikTok remains predominantly Chinese-run under the Oracle deal, that would not meet Mr. Trump’s objectives.
China said on Thursday it would need to approve ByteDance’s proposed deal with the White House, indicating how its bid to stave off a ban in the United States could be further complicated.
As many as 40 per cent of Americans back Mr. Trump’s threat to ban TikTok if it is not sold to a U.S. buyer, a Reuters/Ipsos national poll found last month. Among Republicans – Mr. Trump’s party – 69 per cent said they supported the order, though only 32 per cent expressed familiarity with the app.
The White House has stepped up efforts to purge what it deems “untrusted” Chinese apps from U.S. digital networks. Beyond TikTok, Mr. Trump has also issued an order prohibiting transactions with Tencent Holding Ltd.’s messenger app WeChat.
Earlier this year, Chinese gaming company Beijing Kunlun Tech Co. Ltd. sold gay dating app Grindr, bought in 2016, for US$620-million after CFIUS ordered its divestment.
ByteDance acquired Shanghai-based video app Musical.ly – whose user base was largely American – for US$1-billion in 2017 without seeking CFIUS approval, relaunching it as TikTok the following year. Reuters reported last year that CFIUS was investigating TikTok.
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