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A United Airlines jet taxis at Newark Liberty International Airport on Dec. 6, 2019.CHRIS HELGREN/Reuters

Shares of the top four U.S. airlines dropped on Monday after billionaire investor Warren Buffett said Berkshire Hathaway offloaded its entire stake in the carriers last month, adding to the sense of crisis around the industry.

U.S. airlines posted considerable losses in the first quarter, and are on track for a dismal second quarter, as travel restrictions and government-mandated lockdowns across the world have brought demand to a virtual standstill.

“The world has changed” for the aviation industry, Buffett said at Berkshire Hathaway’s annual meeting on Saturday.

American Airlines has posted a $2.2 billion net loss, its first quarterly loss since emerging from bankruptcy in 2013, while United Airlines reported a loss of $1.7 billion for its first quarter.

Shares in Delta Air Lines American Airlines and United Airlines fell more than 13 per cent after the start of trading, but had pared losses by mid-morning. United was last down 6.9 per cent, American was down 7.8 per cent and Delta was down 8.5 per cent. Southwest Airlines Co had also pared losses and was last down 6.9 per cent

“Investors looking at the (airlines) group, are technicians, traders, people buying distress for fairly quick bounces,” said Chuck Carlson, chief executive at investment adviser Horizon Investment Services LLC, which held Southwest shares until a month ago.

“Long-term investors are saying ‘Do I want to sit with airline stocks, that may take four to five years for sustained moves upward, or put my money elsewhere,’” said Carlson. “They may feel some new opportunities have developed that are better than things they are holding and can rebound more quickly.”

The S&P 1500 Airlines index has lost 57.4 per cent this year, compared with a 12.4 per cent decline in the broader S&P 500 .

Vertical Research Partners analyst Robert Stallard said the worst is yet to come for the sector given that many airlines have cut capacity around 90 per cent for April and May.

“Until we get some clarity and stability from the global airline sector, we think it is hard to gauge how deep and wide this aerospace canyon is going to be,” Stallard said.

Airline executives have warned of a slow recovery even after the virus is contained and have said demand may not recover to 2019 levels for years.

Airlines in the United States have seen a near 95 per cent drop in domestic passengers and are now working to reassure customers about the safety of air travel by instituting new cleaning and social distancing procedures.

Data from Dealogic showed that globally airlines have about $10 billion in bonds due to expire in 2020 and $4.7 billion in loans.

Major airline bonds fell in mid-morning trade according to data from MarketAxess. United Airlines’ 5 per cent February 2024 bond was down 5 per cent in price to trade at 70 cents on the dollar, the second biggest downward movement among U.S. corporate bonds on Monday. Three of the top 10 downwards movers in price were Delta bonds.

Berkshire Hathaway had held an 11 per cent stake in Delta, 10 per cent in American, 10 per cent in Southwest and 9 per cent in United at the end of 2019, according to its annual report and company filings.

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