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New orders for key U.S.-made capital goods surged in June, but will probably not change expectations that business investment contracted further in the second quarter and contributed to holding back the economy.

The Commerce Department said on Thursday orders for non-defense capital goods excluding aircraft, a closely watched proxy for business spending plans, jumped 1.9 per cent last month. Orders in June increased across the board, with demand for machinery increasing by the most in nearly 1-1/2 years.

Data for May was revised to show these so-called core capital goods orders gaining 0.3 per cent instead of rising 0.5 per cent as previously reported. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast core capital goods orders would climb 0.2 per cent in June.

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Core capital goods orders rose 1.9 per cent on a year-on-year basis. Shipments of core capital goods increased 0.6 per cent last month after a downwardly revised 0.5 per cent rise in the prior month. Core capital goods shipments are used to calculate equipment spending in the government’s gross domestic product measurement.

They were previously reported to have increased 0.6 per cent in May.

June’s surge in core capitals goods suggests a pickup in business spending on equipment, which contracted in the January-March quarter for the first time in three years.

Business investment and housing have been flagged by the Federal Reserve as areas of weakness in the economy. Fed Chairman Jerome Powell early this month described business investment as appearing to have “slowed notably” and said this might “reflect concerns about trade tensions and slower growth in the global economy.”

Worries about the trade war between the United States and China and the slowdown overseas are expected to encourage the Fed to cut interest rates next Wednesday for the first time in a decade.

The government will publish its snapshot of second-quarter GDP on Friday. According to a Reuters survey of economists, GDP likely increased at a 1.8 per cent annualized rate in the April-June quarter, moderating from the first quarter’s brisk 3.1 per cent pace.

Weak business investment has combined with an inventory overhang and design problems at Boeing to undercut manufacturing, which accounts for about 12 per cent of the economy.

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The manufacturing sector’s woes were highlighted by Caterpillar, which on Wednesday reported earnings below Wall Street’s estimates and said its full-year profits were expected to be at the lower end of its earlier forecast.

Boeing also reported its biggest-ever quarterly loss on Wednesday due to the spiralling cost of resolving issues with its 737 Max and warned it might have to shut production of the grounded jet completely if it runs into new hurdles with global regulators getting its best-selling aircraft back in the air.

The single-aisle plane was grounded worldwide in March after two fatal crashes in Ethiopia and Indonesia. Production of the aircraft has been reduced and deliveries suspended.

In June, orders for machinery jumped 2.4 per cent. There were also increases in orders for computers and electronic products, primary metals, and electrical equipment, appliances and components.

Overall orders for durable goods, items ranging from toasters to aircraft that are meant to last three years or more, increased 2.0 per cent in June, the most since August 2018, after declining 2.3 per cent in the prior month.

Orders for transportation equipment rose 3.8 per cent after falling 7.5 per cent in May. Motor vehicles and parts orders increased 3.1 per cent last month. Orders for non-defense aircraft soared 75.5 per cent.

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Boeing reported on its website that it had received nine aircraft orders in June after getting no orders in May.

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