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Wholesale inflation in the United States surged again last month, rising 9.7 per cent from a year earlier in a sign that price pressures remain high at all levels of the economy.

The U.S. Labor Department said Tuesday that its producer price index – which measures inflation before it reaches consumers – jumped 1 per cent from December. The year-over-year increase was down from the record 9.8 per cent recorded in both November and December but was well above what economists had been expecting.

Excluding volatile food and energy prices, wholesale inflation rose 0.8 per cent from December and 8.3 per cent from January, 2021.

Last week, the government reported that inflation at the consumer level soared over the past year at its highest rate in four decades, squeezing households, wiping out pay raises and reinforcing the U.S. Federal Reserve’s decision to begin raising borrowing rates. The 7.5-per-cent price surge ranged across the economy, from food and furniture to apartment rents, airline fares and electricity.

Inflation, under control for four decades, re-emerged as an economic issue last year as the U.S. rebounded with unexpected speed from 2020′s short but devastating coronavirus recession. Caught off guard by the bounceback, companies scrambled to find supplies and workers to meet an unexpected surge in orders from customers flush with government relief cheques. Factories, ports and freight yards came under strain. Shipments were delayed and prices began to rise.

The Labor Department report showed that wholesale goods prices rose 1.3 per cent last month from December and services climbed 0.7 per cent, pulled up by a steep increase in the cost of outpatient hospital services.

“The latest advance in producer prices was driven by another strong gain in goods prices, but increases in services prices continued to broaden,” economists Mahir Rasheed and Kathy Bostjancic of Oxford Economics wrote in a research report. “The combination of stubborn supply disruptions and elevated energy prices will prevent producer prices from reverting to more normal patterns until later this year.”

Economists expect inflationary pressure to drop this year as supply chain bottlenecks begin to ease and the Federal Reserve begins to push up interest rates. And consumers will not be receiving government relief cheques.

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