The number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits increased to a three-month high last week amid rising layoffs in the technology sector, but that likely does not suggest a material shift in labour market conditions, which remain tight.
Weekly jobless claims data tend to be volatile around the start of the holiday season. Despite the increase in filing reported by the Labor Department on Wednesday, claims remained well below the threshold that economist said would raise red flags about the labour market. The jobs market has remained resilient in the face of the Federal Reserve’s most aggressive interest rate-hiking cycle since the 1980s aimed at curbing high inflation by dampening demand in the economy.
“Layoff announcements have picked up although there is no sign yet of broad-based redundancies,” said Rubeela Farooqi, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency Economics in White Plains, New York.
Initial claims for state unemployment benefits rose 17,000 to a seasonally adjusted 240,000 for the week ended Nov. 19. Data for the prior week was revised to show 1,000 more applications filed than previously reported. Economists say claims would need to break above 270,000 to raise concerns about the labour market.
“Any sign of a sustained increase in claims that approaches the break-even level, or that consistent with no monthly job growth, would be cause for concern,” said Dante DeAntonio, an economist at Moody’s Analytics in West Chester, Pennsylvania. “There is still some room for the labour market to soften without raising a red flag.”
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast 225,000 claims for the latest week. The claims data was released a day early because of the Thanksgiving Day holiday on Thursday.
There has been an increase in layoffs in the technology sector, with Twitter, Amazon and Meta, the parent of Facebook, announcing thousands of job cuts this month.
Unadjusted claims shot up 47,909 to 248,185 last week. They were boosted by a 5,024 jump in California, likely reflecting the tech sector job cuts. There were also big increases in filings in Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, New York, Ohio and Michigan.
Economists, however, did not expect the technology sector layoffs would be a major drag on the labour market and the overall economy, noting that businesses outside the technology and housing sectors were hoarding workers after difficulties finding labour in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic.
“Layoff announcements need to be taken with a grain of salt as they’re not set in stone and businesses can adjust them,” said Ryan Sweet, chief U.S. economist at Oxford Economics in West Chester, Pennsylvania.
“Still, if the largest layoffs announced so far in November were to occur this month, it would raise the unrounded unemployment rate from 3.69 per cent to 3.80 per cent, all else being equal.”
With 1.9 job openings for every unemployed person in September, some of the workers being laid off could find new employment quickly.
U.S. stocks opened lower. The dollar fell against a basket of currencies. U.S. Treasury prices rose.
The Federal Reserve has raised its policy rate by 375 basis points this year from near zero to a 3.75 per cent-4.00 per cent range.
The claims report also showed the number of people receiving benefits after an initial week of aid increased 48,000 to 1.551 million in the week ending Nov. 12.
The so-called continuing claims, a proxy for hiring, covered the period during which the government surveyed households for November’s unemployment rate. Continuing claims increased between the October and November survey periods. The unemployment rate was at 3.7 per cent in October.
A separate report from the Commerce Department on Wednesday showed new orders for American-manufactured capital goods rebounded in October while shipments increased solidly, suggesting business spending on equipment started the fourth quarter on a strong footing.
Orders for non-defense capital goods excluding aircraft, a closely watched proxy for business spending plans, rose 0.7 per cent last month. These so-called core capital goods orders decreased 0.8 per cent in September. The data is not adjusted for inflation. Core capital goods increased 9.2 per cent on a year-on-year basis in October.
Shipments of core capital goods jumped 1.3 per cent after dipping 0.1 per cent in September. Core capital goods shipments are used to calculate equipment spending in the gross domestic product measurement. Business spending on equipment rebounded sharply in the third quarter after contracting in the second quarter.
Orders for items ranging from toasters to aircraft that are meant to last three years or more accelerated 1.0 per cent in October after rising 0.3 per cent in September. They were boosted by a 2.1 per cent increase in orders for transportation equipment, which followed a 2.5 per cent surge in September.
“The growth trajectory for the fourth quarter is slowing but not contracting,” said Jeffrey Roach, chief economist at LPL Financial in Charlotte, North Carolina. “However, the slowdown in global economic activity increases the risk of recession in 2023 but as of today, the economy is not in recession.”