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A Microsoft office in Herzliya, near Tel Aviv, Israel, on Dec. 27, 2022.RAMI AMICHAY/Reuters

A quarter into record layoffs, investors in U.S. tech giants will scrutinize if the cost cuts boosted profits to their satisfaction, while the companies emphasize how artificial intelligence will be their next growth driver.

Microsoft Corp MSFT-Q, Google parent Alphabet Inc GOOGL-Q, Instagram owner Meta Platforms Inc META-Q and Inc AMZN-Q all report quarterly results this week.

Together, they command more than $5-trillion in market capitalization, or more than 14 per cent of the value of the S&P 500 index.

Between Microsoft, Alphabet and Meta, analysts expect profits to rise 4.5 per cent, on average, from the immediately preceding quarter, led by an 11.8 per cent jump in Meta’s bottom line, according to Refinitiv. From a year earlier, profit is expected to slump nearly 16 per cent, on average, with Microsoft expected to perform the least poorly with a 0.5 per cent slip.

These three companies, along with Amazon, said between November and March they would slash 70,000 jobs in a rapidly weakening economy, following a pandemic-led hiring boom. Meta has announced two rounds of layoffs. Inc, which reported a big drop in fourth-quarter profit due to valuation losses because of its investment in money-losing EV maker Rivian Automotive, is set to post a first-quarter profit that is expected to increase eight times, when compared with the immediately previous quarter.

According to research firm YipitData, Amazon’s North America sales are set to beat Wall Street estimates in the first quarter.

The companies are likely to give updates on their AI efforts, a trend noticeable since last quarter when chief executives packed earnings calls with mentions of the technology.

“If last quarter’s message from Big Tech was all about efficiency and bottom line improvement, this quarter’s message is likely to be more forward-looking around the massive potential of artificial intelligence,” Andrew Lipsman, analyst at Insider Intelligence, said.

Microsoft has integrated OpenAI’s ChatGPT technology into its search engine Bing, pitting it against market leader Google.

Google has begun the public release of its chatbot Bard.

Amazon’s cloud division AWS, the world’s largest, has released a suite of technologies aimed at helping other companies develop their own chatbots backed by AI, and Meta has published an AI model that can pick out individual objects from within an image.

“It’s sort of a double-edged sword because there is also pressure for these companies to improve cash flow in an economy that is decelerating,” Itau BBA analyst Thiago Kapulskis said.

“There are expectations that companies could create or do even more with AI … every tech investor is expecting those companies to be in the frontier.”

The cloud businesses of Amazon, Google and Microsoft were also more stable than expected, analysts said.

Microsoft and Alphabet stocks have both risen 19 per cent so far this year. Apple and Amazon are up 28 per cent and 23 per cent, respectively. Meta shares have gained nearly 77 per cent.

The largest company in the world, Apple, which is scheduled to report earnings on May 4, is dealing with slowing demand for iPhones and MacBooks as consumers curb spending.

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