A U.S. House of Representatives panel on Friday demanded internal emails, detailed financial information and other company records from Amazon.com Inc., Facebook Inc., Apple Inc. and Alphabet Inc.’s Google as its antitrust probe of Big Tech widens.
The committees’ letters seek by Oct. 14 internal emails over the past decade from Apple chief executive Tim Cook, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and Alphabet CEO Larry Page, among others, about acquisitions.
Apple shares fell about 1.8 per cent after the market opened. While Apple had been mentioned as a potential target, the House letter offered the first concrete evidence of a wide-ranging antitrust investigation of the company.
Apple has faced criticism that its policies and algorithms in its App Store support its own products and stifle third-party applications.
The letters come days after the Texas attorney-general led a group of 50 attorneys-general from U.S. states and territories in a probe of whether Google abuses its market power in advertising.
Apple and Facebook did not immediately respond to a request for comment, while Amazon did not immediately comment. Google referred to a blog post issued this week that said its services “create choice for consumers.”
The committee requested information from the companies’ executives on market share, competitors, their largest customers for specific products and documents from other investigations.
It asked Apple for information on the company’s decision to remove some parental control apps from its App Store and its policy regarding whether iPhone users can set non-Apple apps as defaults, among other concerns about its App Store.
The U.S. Justice Department said in July it is investigating “whether and how” large tech companies in “search, social media, and some retail services online” are engaging in anticompetitive behaviour, an apparent reference to the same companies named by the House panel on Friday.