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Alberta Premier Jason Kenney speaks at a news conference in Calgary, on Sept. 15, 2020.Todd Korol/The Canadian Press

Alberta Premier Jason Kenney says Albertans have no cause to worry over his government quietly throwing out a coal policy that protected the Rocky Mountains for more than four decades.

“No regulator, no government is going to allow a mine of any kind, or a forestry project, or a ranching project, that’s going to jeopardize the headwaters off the eastern slopes,” he said Wednesday on Edmonton radio station CHED.

Mr. Kenney’s United Conservative government is increasingly embattled over its decision last spring to revoke a 1976 policy that blocked open-pit coal mining on the eastern slopes and peaks of the Rockies.

The decision, which opened up more than 1.4 million hectares to exploration, was made without public consultation.

That’s coming, Mr. Kenney said.

“You can’t get a mine anywhere in this province without an exhaustive environmental review based on provincial and/or federal law. That involves widespread consultation,” the Premier said.

The old policy was superseded by new legislation, he said. “It was a dead letter.”

Mr. Kenney suggested the coal-mining debate is being fuelled at least partly by the condescension of city-dwellers.

“There’s thousands of Alberta families who put food on the table because of the mining industry. I don’t think those of us who live in the city should look down on those folks.”

John Borrowman, mayor of the mountain town of Canmore west of Calgary, said project-by-project regulatory reviews are no substitute for an overarching plan. Canmore council is asking the province to reinstate the old policy.

“Municipal governments are legally obliged to engage with our residents before approving or rescinding high-level plans. It seems to me the provincial government should apply the same level of rigour,” he said.

He noted that much of the most heated opposition to coal mining is coming from rural areas.

“I don’t think this is an us-versus-them conversation. There’s concerns that have been voiced from a broad spectrum of our provincial residents.”

Katie Morrison of the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society questioned Mr. Kenney’s comment that the old policy was outmoded. She pointed to the exploration rush after it was revoked.

“The recision of the coal policy opened up the opportunity for open-pit coal mines in areas where they had never been before,” she said. “That’s a massive change and it clearly shows the coal policy was not obsolete.”

Regulatory hearings aren’t the same as public consultation, she said. Alberta Energy Regulator hearings tightly restrict who speaks and require highly technical testimony specific to the project under review.

“Just relying on the regulatory system really misses that big view.”

NDP environment critic Marlin Schmidt said Mr. Kenney’s remarks show the government isn’t backing down, despite cancelling a small number of leases and holding off on more sales.

“I had hoped that this small climbdown was them showing they’re giving this a second thought,” he said.

“I guess they had a chance to think about it and said, ‘No, hundreds of thousands of Albertans are wrong and we’re going to go ahead.’”

Mr. Schmidt decried Mr. Kenney’s suggestion of an urban-rural split. “He’s pointing to a divide that doesn’t exist.”

Ms. Morrison said Mr. Kenney’s remarks suggest that he believes the debate is a misunderstanding, that Albertans are confused about why the policy was revoked.

“That’s not true. People very well understand what is happening.”

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