Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced more weapons for Ukraine on Friday as people rallied across Canada to mark 365 days of death and violence since Russia’s invasion began.
Canada will donate four additional Leopard 2 main battle tanks to support the Armed Forces of Ukraine, growing Canada’s contribution to eight tanks in total, Trudeau said.
It will also donate an armoured recovery vehicle and more than 5,000 rounds of ammunition.
New sanctions are also being imposed on nearly 200 more people and entities that Trudeau said are complicit in Russia’s ongoing war with Ukraine.
That includes Russian deputy prime ministers, ministers, members of the Russian military, and producers of artilleries and weapons used in Ukraine. It also includes others who have voted in favour of legislation related to the invasion and attempted annexation of the Donetsk, Luhansk, Zaporizhzhia and Kherson regions.
The added support is on top of the $5 billion Canada has pledged already to help Ukraine following Russian President Vladimir Putin’s decision to invade one year ago.
“He is cowardly and he is weak. His brazen disregard for human life, his irresponsible rhetoric, and his willingness to inflict terrible violence on innocent people may seem to have no limits,” Trudeau said Friday at a news conference in Toronto marking the one-year anniversary.
“But what is truly without limits is the courage and resolve of those who fight every day for their freedom.”
Join Globe correspondents Mark MacKinnon and Paul Waldie in conversation with The Decibel’s Menaka Raman-Wilms, as they reflect on on how the first year of Russia’s war has unfolded. Follow along at noon ET on theglobeandmail.com.
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Meanwhile, just hours after Ottawa announced the added armaments, thousands of Canadians took part in a series of rallies and vigils alongside Ukrainians displaced by the war.
Spearheaded by the Ukrainian Canadian Congress, some 40 “Stand With Ukraine” events had been planned for major cities across the country, from St.John’s to Whitehorse.
During a rally in Halifax, word of the added tanks drew a loud round of applause from a crowd of about 200 gathered on the city’s central square next to City Hall.
Seventeen-year-old Polina Kozlova, a refugee who escaped from the city of Kherson after it was occupied, said she came to the ceremony to remember Ukrainians who have died – and to show solidarity with her homeland, where her parents and brother still live.
“Despite the fact it’s really cold today I feel warm in my heart and my soul because I’m with my people and I’m hearing my native language and songs, and I feel the support of our nation,” she said.
A few hundred also braved cold weather in Montreal to gather at Dorchester Square. People carrying Ukrainian flags and candles chanted and sang in support of family members and friends in their homeland.
“For me, it was very important (to come here today) because I still have my family and friends over there,” Vlada Polishchuk said.
“I also went to Ukraine in November, and I saw with my own eyes what was happening in Ukraine. I am standing here for the children I saw in Ukraine and for women who have been through hell in occupied territory.”
Sebastien Bouffard said that he has friends in Ukraine whom he talks to every day and he has become aware of the devastation the country has endured over the past year.
“They send me pictures, and what Russia is doing is disgusting. Sometimes I tear up when I see the picture. I am 100 per cent with Ukraine.”
In Toronto, more than a thousand people marched through the downtown before settling in front of City Hall, with many draped or waving the Ukrainian flag while others donned its bright blue and yellow colours.
Ontario Premier Doug Ford called Putin “nothing more than a tyrant” and a “thug,” and said his war has revealed the strength and resilience of Ukrainians.
Defence Minister Anita Anand said Canada began training Ukrainian troops in 2015 and has trained over 35,000 since then.
“We will keep going. We have trainers in England and Poland right now training members of the Ukrainian Armed Forces so they fight and win this unjust and illegal war,” she told the crowd.
International student Simran Chawla, who attended the rally, said, “You’ve got to help people who are in trouble ... I feel like Canada gets that message.”
In a news conference Friday in Kyiv, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky told reporters more weapons will allow Ukrainian people to regain their territory.
“We’re getting ready. We’re ready in spirit. And we’re getting ready as far as weapons are concerned, as far as forming attack brigades are concerned,” Zelensky said through a translator.
The year-long conflict has taken a deadly toll on the Ukrainian population, with tens of thousands of civilians killed and millions more displaced.
With weapons and training from NATO nations and other allies, Ukraine’s military has been able to regain thousands of square kilometres of territory.
– With files from Michael Tutton in Halifax, Marisela Amador in Montreal, Tyler Griffin in Toronto