COVID-19 vaccines at a glanceAs of February 18, 1,538,860 doses have been distributed, 1,328,457 doses have been administered and at least 342,536 people have been fully vaccinated. That’s about X% of Canada’s population.
Early on, Canada’s government set high expectations for its COVID-19 vaccine rollout, but it hit hard realities in early January: Slower and smaller deliveries meant fewer vaccinations, and inoculation rates stalled as dozens of other countries surged ahead. Despite the faltering start, Canada has caught up and since April rapidly sped up its vaccination campaign. The key to the change was the negotiation of larger and earlier deliveries of vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says the country will have enough vaccines to fully inoculate all eligible people by the end of July. So far Health Canada has approved shots for people 12 and older.
The federal government is responsible for buying and distributing the doses and the provinces and territories are responsible for administering the shots. The Globe is tracking the available and administered shots across Canada, so Canadians can have a detailed look at how things are going where they live.
How do the provinces and territories compare?
Ottawa has a per-capita formula for distributing the vaccines, but in the first phase of the rollout it sent more shots per capita to the territories in order to protect people in remote communities. Once provinces and territories get doses, each has its own plans for distributing them. In some cases, there are even more differences at the local level. For example, in Ontario local health units have broad responsibility to organize their own rollouts, so they may deliver the shots at different rates and to different priority groups.
The federal, provincial, and territorial governments have all tied the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions to varying vaccination coverage targets. Some, like Alberta, have set much lower targets than those recommended by the Public Health Agency of Canada. In its June modelling it said to safely lift all restrictions Canada needs to hit more than 80 per cent full vaccination coverage among eligible people.
Provincial comparison% of all Canadians have received at least one dose of vaccine and % have been fully vaccinated. To be fully vaccinated, two doses are required per person.
Age and gender% of Canadians are fully vaccinated and another % are partially vaccinated. Here is the breakdown by age group* who are partially vaccinated.
What is Canada’s vaccine delivery schedule?
The Trudeau government negotiated quarterly delivery schedules in its vaccine contracts. Based on those deals, it set targets for how many people will be vaccinated by the end of March and end of June and set the finish line for the end of September. It beat its June target and is expected to surpass its September target as well.
Latest forecastThe federal government is expecting to have doses of vaccine delivered by . of which would be Pfizer, and Moderna
How much of the current supply has been administered?
Three of the COVID-19 vaccines approved by Health Canada – AstraZeneca, Moderna and Pfizer – require two doses. The fourth, Johnson & Johnson’s, is a single shot, but so far it’s not being used in Canada. In the context of limited supply early in the rollout, the national advice to provinces and territories was to increase the interval between shots to as much as 16 weeks (depending on the shot the manufacturer recommendation was a three or four week interval). Health officials and disease modellers say the change saved lives because more people were at least partially covered, but now that supply is increasing, provinces are starting to shorten the interval between the shots.
How does Canada’s vaccine rollout compare with other countries?
In the first phase of its vaccine rollout, Canada lagged all of its G7 partners except Japan. Now though Canada is ahead of many of its international allies. Generally, the seven countries were relying on the same vaccines. And while Britain approved the Oxford-AstraZeneca shot months before Canada, earlier authorization from Health Canada wouldn’t have changed deliveries from AstraZeneca, which are only expected after March. Early on, Canada also trailed developing countries. That’s in part because they are using shots that are not being considered in Canada, such as the Russian-made Sputnik V and Chinese-made CoronaVac.
Vaccination rates among G7 countriesCountry leads G7 countries with doses administered per hundred people.
World comparisonA look at where Canada's vaccination progress sits among the world's most populous countries
|#||Country||Doses administered||Fully vaccinated people per 100 pop.||Doses per 100 people|
In the meantime, what should I do to stay safe from COVID-19?
Whether you’ve had the vaccine already or are still waiting your turn, it’s more important than ever to follow public-health guidance to prevent the spread of the virus, which has developed new and more contagious variants in recent months. Here are some of The Globe and Mail’s key resources to stay informed and stay safe.
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