A lawsuit has been filed against the Alberta government alleging its rules for supervised drug-use sites will have life and death consequences.
Non-profit societies Moms Stop the Harm and the Lethbridge Overdose Prevention Society argue the provincial government is not only increasing barriers to the harm reduction service, but breaching the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
“It’s scary taking your government to court, but we felt compelled to do this,” said Petra Schulz, co-founder of the Moms group, a national advocacy organization pushing for drug policy reform.
Her son, Danny, died from a fentanyl overdose in 2014.
“[The government] blindly follows their ideology leaving dead bodies in the wake. We can’t allow that to happen,” she said.
The United Conservative government in June outlined new regulations for existing and future supervised drug-use sites. If operators do not meet the standards, they will be unable to receive provincial funding.
The new rules include requirements for service providers to collect personal health numbers from people and to develop “good neighbour agreements” to support community integration.
Ms. Schulz said requiring identification will force people to turn away from the sites and use drugs outside of medical settings, increasing the risk of fatal overdoses.
“Because of stigma, because of the criminalization of substance use and because of the consequences that are attached, like criminal prosecution, potential of job loss, potential of losing an apartment, conflicts with family ... people will avoid anything that will have them identified.”
The statement of claim, filed last week, also alleges the province’s rules frustrate a framework set by Ottawa to streamline applications for and operation of the sites. It asks the court to invalidate the provincial guidelines and suspend them while the lawsuit is heard.
None of the allegations has been proven in court and no statements of defence have been filed.
Edmonton-based lawyer Avnish Nanda, who is representing the two non-profit groups, said lawyers for the federal government have indicated they will participate if necessary.
Health Canada did not respond to a request for comment.
Steve Buick, a spokesman for Alberta’s associate minister of mental health and addictions, said in a statement that licensing requirements will not reduce access to services.
“They’re common-sense things that should have been in place when [sites] were introduced,” said Mr. Buick. “Providers are required to identify clients by their personal health numbers to help integrate their services with other health services.”
The government is talking with current and potential providers to ensure services aren’t affected when the rules come into place Sept. 30, he said.
Mr. Nanda said bringing in the regulations during the height of the overdose crisis is “extremely risky.”
Between January and May of this year, 624 Albertans died from accidental drug poisonings – a 41-per-cent increase compared with the same period last year.
Lethbridge, which has been described as “ground zero” for the crisis, had an overdose rate 2.5 times higher than the provincial rate in May.
The southern Alberta city has had a spike in deaths since the province stripped funding from its supervised consumption site last year over unfounded allegations of financial misconduct.
The Lethbridge Overdose Prevention Society started in response to the closure and offered supervised drug-use services in parks. It suspended operations after pressure from residents, police and the province, but has since resumed, said Mr. Nanda.
“[The society] is unable to secure the approval of its neighbours for the areas in Lethbridge that it operates ... shifting to the geographic needs of the community that consumes substances,” alleges the court document.
“If [it] continues to deliver supervised consumption services, it will be subject to serious regulatory penalties and criminal sanctions.”
The statement of claim alleges over 70 per cent of the group’s clients are Indigenous people,who are disproportionately dying as a result of deadly street drugs, often laced with highly potent fentanyl.
Mr. Nanda said while it’s rare to take provincial governments to court, it’s necessary because lives are at risk.
“It really shows this government has pushed a lot of very vulnerable and marginalized folks to the end. This is the line,” he said. “All people are asking is for the status quo to be maintained.”
Ophelia, a client of Calgary’s supervised drug-use site, said the government’s focus on making such supports more about recovery, instead of harm reduction, will alienate substance users who don’t plan to be abstinent or are not yet ready.
“If you’re going to get sober, it has to be for yourself and it has to be completely your decision,” she told a small crowd, which included NDP MLA Joe Ceci, physicians and harm reduction advocates.
Ophelia, an intravenous drug user, said the service changed her life. She’s urging the government to rewrite the guidelines with input from substance users.
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This content appears as provided to The Globe by the originating wire service. It has not been edited by Globe staff.