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A physical distancing sign is pictured at the Granville Island Public Market, on April 2, 2020.

JONATHAN HAYWARD/The Canadian Press

Government and public-health officials need to empower people in their 20s to reduce the risk of contracting COVID-19, instead of blaming and shaming them for disproportionately representing new infections across the country, say experts.

A science communicator and a university professor both say public-health messages targeting young people need to acknowledge that they may be engaging in more risky behaviour, while giving clearer directions on how they can better practise physical distancing.

“I have my family. I have my husband, my kids. I have a job to occupy myself with. And the drive to go out and be social is inherently in all of us,” said Kim Hellemans, chair of neuroscience at Carleton University in Ottawa.

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"But among youth and students, in particular, they define themselves through their socialization.

“The pandemic and having to socialize in smaller bubbles is really pushing against that biological, sociological urge to be with their peers.”

As young adults struggle with their mental health due to stressors such as peer pressure, Dr. Hellemans said addressing their need to socialize to reduce depression can be an effective approach in changing their social habits during the pandemic.

“Messages public health put out that target them should acknowledge, ‘Hey, we know that this is really hard and you really want to be out on the patio, to be out like socializing with people. But how can you do this in the most safe way?’”

According to the federal government’s weekly epidemiology update, the number of new cases nationally increased by 26 per cent during the week of Aug. 30 to Sept. 5.

“Since late July, incidence rates have declined across all age groups; however, incidence rates in those 20 to 39 years of age remain consistently higher compared to all other age groups,” the report states.

Also since July, cases under the age of 40 have continued to account for the highest proportion of infections, contributing to 62 per cent of cases in the first week of September, and those between 20 to 29 years old accounted for the largest proportion of infections.

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Samantha Yammine, a neuroscientist and science communicator in Toronto, agreed young adults need to practise better physical distancing but government messages do little to target them, and minimize the greater struggles they also have.

After collecting anecdotal evidence from hundreds of people in their 20s through an informal online survey she conducted on Instagram, Dr. Yammine said she found that a lot are struggling as they go back to postsecondary schools, both as students and as teachers.

“A lot of people are moving into new houses with new roommates. And so the shared housing thing is another big issue that we don’t really talk about.”

Dr. Yammine said leaders can give clearer instructions, for example, on how young people sharing homes together can maintain a bubble. She said many people told her they have big families with different socializing priorities, which makes it hard to keep their bubbles small.

One person who wrote Dr. Yammine said “living with roommates and having to navigate different covid boundaries and expectations” was a challenge.

“Similarly, there are people who live alone, and then they don’t know who they can see because a lot of their friends are socializing broadly,” Dr. Yammine added.

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“Messaging matters. And again, in a harm-reduction model, we’re always trying to reduce harm as much as possible.”

With line-ups at COVID-19 testing centres surging in recent days, Chief Public Health Officer Dr. Theresa Tam says there is a strong desire to see more rapid testing rolled out in Canada. However she can't say when it will happen. She also says the people who should get tested now include those with symptoms, including very mild ones, and people who have had any type of exposure to a known case of COVID-19. The Canadian Press

Sign up for the Coronavirus Update newsletter to read the day’s essential coronavirus news, features and explainers written by Globe reporters and editors.

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