Skip to main content
Open this photo in gallery:

Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau makes a whistle-stop at Fisherman's Wharf in Steveston, Richmond, B.C., on Aug 25.Sean Kilpatrick/The Canadian Press

The fight for political supremacy in British Columbia on Sept. 20 will be won or lost in about 10 ridings in suburban Vancouver where tight races are expected and the potential for change the greatest, say political experts.

B.C. has 42 ridings, but most of the key targets are located in the Langley, Surrey, Coquitlam, Port Moody and Port Coquitlam areas where the Liberals, Conservatives and New Democrats won and lost ground in the past two federal elections.

When Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau called the election, the standings in B.C. stood at 17 Conservatives, 11 Liberals, 11 New Democrats, two Greens and one Independent.

Federal election 2021: What are the challenges facing the major political parties before Canada votes on Sept. 20?

Canadian federal election 2021: Latest updates and essential reading ahead of Sept. 20 vote

Federal election poll tracker: Follow the latest Nanos-Globe-CTV numbers ahead of the Sept. 20 vote

In 2019, which resulted in a minority Liberal government, the Liberals lost six seats in B.C., the Conservatives gained seven seats and the NDP dropped three.

“The ring around the Lower Mainland: this is the part of the province where I see the most volatility,” said Stewart Prest, a Canadian politics instructor at Coquitlam’s Douglas College.

“These are ridings where there’s the possibility of a Liberal or a Conservative taking it, or possibly the NDP,” he said. “There’s only so many ridings like that in B.C.”

The province’s Okanagan and Interior regions are traditionally solid Conservative territories. The NDP customarily does well on Vancouver Island, although the Greens took two seats there in the last election.

But ridings such as Port Moody-Coquitlam, where Conservative Nelly Shin won by 153 votes over the NDP, and Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam, where Liberal Ron McKinnon defeated the Conservative candidate by less than 400 votes, are considered swing ridings where nothing is guaranteed, said Mr. Prest.

“There’s only so many seats where there’s real competition,” he said. “We’re looking at areas quite often where the city meets the town or the town meets the country.”

The suburban Vancouver ridings represent a mix of urban and rural voters who bring progressive and traditional viewpoints to election campaigns, Mr. Prest said.

Many younger voters in search of more affordable housing have left Vancouver for Port Moody, Langley and Chilliwack – areas where many longtime residents have voted Conservative, he added.

The Liberals are looking to win back the half-dozen B.C. seats they lost in 2019, while the Conservatives want to hold the 17 they won, plus win a few more, and the New Democrats are aiming to retake seats they lost to the Greens and Conservatives, said Mike McDonald, chief strategy officer at Vancouver’s Kirk & Co.

“The Liberals, clearly in order to win a majority, they have to win more seats in B.C.,” he said. “There are six or seven targets for them that they won in 2015 that if they win them back in 2021, that would take them halfway or more to getting a majority.”

Mr. McDonald is a former chief of staff to former B.C. Liberal premier Christy Clark and has guided several provincial election campaigns. He also writes a regular politics and current issues blog, Rosedeer.

Mr. McDonald said among the seats the Liberals want to get back are Vancouver Granville. “In order for them to achieve their goals they need to win that seat,” he said. “It’s a seat they ought to win.”

Other Liberal targets are Cloverdale-Langley City, South Surrey-White Rock and Steveston-Richmond East, ridings held by Conservatives but once represented by Liberals.

“There’s a whole belt of seats on the north side of the Fraser River that are three-way fights,” he said. “A little bit here and a little bit there and those seats could go to any combination of results. B.C. can give the nudge towards helping a party get a majority, but it could also influence what the makeup of a minority government looks like.”

The presence of NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh, who won his Burnaby South riding in 2019, bolsters the party’s status in B.C., Mr. McDonald said.

B.C.’s federal NDP candidates could also benefit from inroads made by Premier John Horgan’s New Democrats in last fall’s provincial election that saw them elected to a majority government, despite the COVID-19 pandemic, he said.

“The NDP brand has made headway into areas that are untraditional for them, such as the provincial riding of Abbotsford-Mission elected an NDP MLA and that overlaps with a federal seat of Mission-Matsqui-Fraser Canyon,” Mr. McDonald said.

The NDP are also focused on winning back Nanaimo-Ladysmith on Vancouver Island from Paul Manly of the Greens and retaking Port Moody-Coquitlam from the Conservatives, he said.

NDP activist Avi Lewis, running in the West Vancouver-Sunshine Coast-Sea to Sky Country riding, adds star power but the riding held by Liberal Patrick Weiler includes a tough challenge from the Conservatives, who are running John Weston, a former MP for the constituency, said Mr. McDonald.

He said the riding also has had a strong Green vote, which Mike Simpson hopes to capitalize on for the party in this election.

Professor Kim Speers, a Canadian politics expert at the University of Victoria, said the Conservatives in B.C. could get a campaign bounce from Erin O’Toole, the first leader of the party “with an affable personality in the past decade.”

Mr. O’Toole’s engaging and moderate campaign approach, compared to former Conservative leaders Andrew Scheer and Stephen Harper, could bring votes to the tight B.C. races, she said.

But Prof. Speers said it appears B.C. voters are looking for more than just personality. They want leadership on numerous issues, including climate change, affordable housing, addiction treatment, economic recovery and COVID-19, she said.

“Many people in B.C. are feeling the crunch from rising prices, especially since the pandemic started,” she said. “There’s a housing crisis. There’s an opiate crisis. There’s a climate crisis. I think British Columbians would like to see a government seriously, authentically, significantly address all of these issues.”

Follow the party leaders and where they stand on the issues this election campaign by signing up for our Morning or Evening Update newsletters.

For subscribers only: Get exclusive political news and analysis by signing up for the Politics Briefing.

This content appears as provided to The Globe by the originating wire service. It has not been edited by Globe staff.