Travellers caught sneaking small amounts of marijuana into Canada could soon be forced to pay fines.
Although stiff criminal penalties will remain options on the books, the federal border agency is developing administrative sanctions to give it more flexibility to deal with people who arrive at the border with cannabis in the era of legal recreational use.
Since Oct. 17, adults in Canada have been allowed to possess and share up to 30 grams of cannabis, but bringing the drug into the country continues to be illegal, carrying a penalty of up to 14 years in prison.
If you are carrying cannabis upon entering Canada, it must be declared to the border agency. Otherwise, you may face arrest and prosecution, the Canada Border Services Agency says.
Agency officials underscored the seriousness for new Border Security Minister Bill Blair in briefing materials on implementation of the new cannabis law.
“The unauthorized cross-border movement of cannabis remains a serious criminal offence, subject to enforcement up to and including criminal investigation and prosecution,” say the notes, released under the Access to Information Act.
Border officials can also seize marijuana and any vehicle used to bring the drug into Canada.
However, the border agency also appears to recognize that some recreational pot users might absent-mindedly leave a few joints in a jacket pocket or simply be unaware the cross-border restrictions remain in place.
The planned new penalties will provide an “additional tool” for officers who encounter travellers carrying cannabis, Nicholas Dorion, a border agency spokesman, said in an e-mailed response to questions.
Details of the new fines – including the amounts to be levied – are still being worked out. However, the internal notes say the penalties are slated to be in place some time next year, and indicate travellers hit with fines would have the right to challenge the penalties.
The border agency already levies administrative monetary penalties for various Customs Act infractions, and the proposed new sanctions would build on that regime.
In preparation for legal cannabis, the agency posted signs at many border crossings to remind people of the prohibition against bringing even small amounts of pot into Canada. Officials have also been asking visitors and returning Canadians whether they have any cannabis with them.
The border agency received approximately $40-million over five years to help enforce the new cannabis law.
The money is intended to bolster front-line capacity, develop the public-education campaigns and help track the effects of the new legislation.
Some of the money is also going to beef up laboratory services needed to test suspected cannabis stashes intercepted at the border. Key activities for 2018-19 include developing methods for testing, identifying equipment needs and devising monitoring and reporting tools, the notes say.